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Calculation Tax

Getting a salary is a wonderful feeling. It makes you feel rewarded for all the hours of dedicated work that you put in. But the happiness fades away when a large chunk of your hardearned income gets converted into tax. It is essential to figure out how you can avoid that high deduction in tax.

Income

The components that make up your salary include your Gross salary, Provident Fund, Insurance, Leave pay, Gratuity Employee State insurance and Labour Welfare Fund This income that is reveived by an employee is taxed under “Income from Salaries”.

You need to find out the slab that your salary will pertain to. After figuring that out, you need to be prompt in declaring your investments. This allows the employer to take into consideration the portion of your earnings that you have invested and he/she will accordingly deduct tax from your salary.

Declaration helps you to avoid the cumbersome process of filing for refunds from the Income Tax department.

Tax Calculation

Taxes are calculated on the annual income of a person, and an annual cycle (year) in the eyes of the Income Tax law starts on the 1st of April and ends on the 31st of March of the next calendar year. The law recognizes and classifies the year as “Previous Year” and “Assessment Year”.

Income Tax Slab Rates:

Income tax slab rates are for different categories of taxpayers, who are taxed progressively higher based on their earning.
On all the tables listed below, Education Cess of 2% and SHEC of 1% will be levied on the tax computed using the rates given below.
Under Section 87(A), an Income Tax Rebate of Rs.2,000 is provided for all individuals earning an income that’s less than Rs.5,00,000 per annum.
Income Tax Slabs for male individuals below the age of 60 and HUF:

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates
Total income less than Rs.2,50,000. -NIL-
Total income greater than Rs.2,50,000 but less than Rs.5,00,000. 5% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.2,50,000.
Total income greater than Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,000. 20% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.5,00,000.
Total income greater than Rs.10,00,000. 30% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.10,00,000.

Income Tax Slabs for female individuals below the age of 60:

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates
Total income less than Rs.2,50,000. -NIL-
Total income greater than Rs.2,50,000 but less than Rs.5,00,000. 5% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.2,50,000.
Total income greater than Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,000. 20% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.5,00,000.
Total income greater than Rs.10,00,000. 30% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.10,00,000.

Income Tax Slabs for all individuals above the age of 60 – Senior Citizens:

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates
Total income less than Rs.3,00,000. -NIL-
Total income greater than Rs.3,00,000 but less than Rs.5,00,000. 10% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.3,00,000.
Total income greater than Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,000. 20% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.5,00,000.
Total income greater than Rs.10,00,000. 30% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.10,00,000.

Income Tax Slabs for all individuals above the age of 80 – Super Senior Citizens:

Income Tax Slabs Income Tax Rates
Total income less than Rs.5,00,000. -NIL-
Total income greater than Rs.5,00,000 but less than Rs.10,00,000. 20% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.5,00,000.
Total income greater than Rs.10,00,000. 30% of the amount by which it exceeds Rs.10,00,000.

Deductions: There are various sections under which you can invest your salary and reduce the taxable amount.

Deductions for your taxable amount are available under various sections of the Income Tax act 1961. They are as follows: –

1. Public Provident Fund (PPF):
By contributing to your PPF account, you can get tax deduction under Section 80C, the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

2. Life Insurance Premiums:
You can get income tax deduction for paying premium towards life insurance policies for self, spouse and child under section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. The amount received on maturity of the policy is free from tax. However, it is subject to the terms and conditions mentioned in your policy.

3. National Saving Certificate (NSC):
The amount invested in NSC is eligible for tax deduction under section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. National Saving Certificates is one of the highly secured modes of investments in India. But, the interest earned from NSC is taxable. As an NSC is a cumulative scheme, interest is reinvested and qualifies for tax deduction.

4. Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs):
You can get tax deduction by investing in fixed deposits for a tenure of 5 years, under section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Many banks in India offer tax saving fixed deposits. However, the interest accrued on FDs is subject to tax

5. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS):
Senior citizens can get tax deduction by investing in Senior Citizen Savings Scheme offered by banks. These schemes are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C of the same act. The interest earned from these schemes is entirely taxable.

6. Post Office Time Deposit (POTD):
Investing in a five-year POTD, you can get tax deduction under Section 80C. However, interest accrued on the same is fully taxable.

7. Unit-linked Insurance Plans (ULIP):
Investing in ULIPs for yourself, spouse and your children, you can get tax deductions under Section 80C.

8. Home Loan EMIs:
Equated monthly installments paid to repay the principal amount of your home loan are eligible for income tax deductions under section 80C of the same act.

9. Mutual Funds & ELSS:
Investing in mutual funds and equity-linked savings scheme, you are eligible for tax deductions under section 80C, the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

10. Stamp Duty and Registration Charges for a Home:
Stamp duty and registration fee paid for transferring property are entitled for income tax deduction under section 80C, the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

11. Retirement Savings Plan:
You can also get income tax deductions by investing in retirement plans offered by LIC or other insurance providers. Contribution to the National Pension Scheme is also eligible for tax deduction.

12. Tuition Fees:
Tuition fee paid for your children’s education qualifies for income tax deduction under section 80C. However, the fee needs to be paid for full-time education in an Indian university, college and school for any two children. Tuition fee does not include any donations or development fee towards education institutions.

13. Medical Insurance Premiums:
Health insurance premium paid for self, spouse and children qualifies for income tax deduction under section 80D of the Indian income Tax Act, 1961. The deduction allowed under this section is Rs. 25,000 for youngsters and Rs. 30,000 for senior citizens.

14. Infrastructure Bonds:
Investing in infrastructure bonds, you become eligible for income tax deductions under section 80CCF of the Indian Income Tax Act.

15. Charitable Contribution:
Donating for charitable tasks will help you reduce your taxable income under section 80G of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. However, make sure that you declare the whole contribution before 31st December each year.

16. Treatment of Disabled Dependents:
Under section 80DD of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961, you can get income tax deductions for medical expense incurred in the treatment of any disabled dependent of yours.

17. Deduction for Preventive Health Check-ups:
An amount of Rs.5000 spent for preventive health check-ups of an individual or his/her family members qualifies for tax deduction under section 80D of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

18. Interest Paid on Education Loan:
You can get tax deduction on the interest paid for an educational loan under section 80E of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. The loan can be taken to pursue higher education by the employee, or for his/her spouse, children or a student to whom the employee is a legal guardian.

19. Deduction on House Rent Paid:
An employee can get income tax deduction for the house rent paid, if the employee or his/her spouse does not own residential accommodation at the place of employment. This deduction is usually applicable for salaried taxpayers under section 80GG of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

Income Tax E-Filing:
Once tax is deducted, any tax refund is facilitated only when you submit your income tax return for that year. So any TDS on rent payments for NRIs, or TDS deduction by banks on your fixed deposits will be refunded only once you file your tax returns and claim the desired tax deduction. You will need to file for tax refunds online once you file your ITR for that year.

You can e-file your Income Tax Return, TDS return, AIR return and Wealth Tax Return online ,E-filing your return has obvious advantages like the fact that you won’t have to deal with the hassle of paperwork and waste time sorting through it all. You can simply log on to the secure website and e-file your return.

Hope this article gives you a clear picture of how taxes are deducted from your salary and how you can take the measures to reduce your taxable income.

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Overdraft facility

What is meant by Overdraft facility?

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Overdraft facility is a credit line that is sanctioned to an individual against their assets. For example, you can mortgage your house with a bank and get a loan amount sanctioned against it.

If your house is worth 1 crore, then the bank might sanction you a loan of 50 lakhs after evaluating your repayment capabilities.

Why is there a need of an Overdraft Facility?

There are situations in life where in even the money saved for emergencies is not sufficient and this may lead to individuals in a dilemma. A lot of people keep 3months to 6months of expense aside on being advised by their financial consultants, however this might not be handy when there is an urgent need of cash.

This is where Overdraft facility comes in. Overdraft facility is a great way to raise funds for short-term if used wisely.

Usage of the overdraft money

The money is not disbursed immediately. You can keep withdrawing money from this overdraft account. It works similar to an approved personal loan. The interest will be charged from the day you borrow the loan. You can keep on borrowing and repaying it till the bank allows you to do so. The interest charged is 12-14 percent per year.

Assets that can be used as mortgage

Following can be offered to banks as assets: –
  • Insurance polices
  • Fixed Deposits
  • Shares
  • Bonds
The rate of interest varies for different collaterals.

The process

The process is similar to taking any other loan. You can offer a variety of collaterals to bank against your loan. There are pros and cons associated with different kinds of collaterals that you might offer. For example taking an overdraft against a property gives you a larger line of credit, however the time to evaluate is large. In case of fixed deposits as collaterals the process is much faster. Similarly the returns for life insurance properties are not good.

Depending upon the collateral, you should choose the limit. There is also a fee with a cap of 0.5 to 1 % charged while an overdraft is being granted.

Should one go for an Overdraft facility?

Overdraft facility is meant for disciplined individuals. If you use it for short-term trading in stocks, commodities etc, it may backfire. If you lose in these risk oriented measures, then you will have to pay the entire amount along with the interest incurred. Also if you fail to do so, then the collateral is liquidated. So choose very carefully.

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Celebrating Valentines’ day with EarlySalary

Valentine-blog

It’s the time of the year when promises are made new beginnings are carved, and bonds are strengthened.

It is the Valentine’s week. This is the week where people express their love for each other. This is the time when people exchange gifts with each other to showcase their affection.

However often we find ourselves in a state where our finances dwindle, and we are not able to fulfill our desires.

It is sad to acknowledge the fact that the most romantic day is approaching and we are low on cash. This makes us feel helpless and stressed. We even go in a state where we do not see the point in celebrating the day.

But EarlySalary never wants the lovebirds to miss out on such a day. We would want people to enjoy the day to it’s fullest without having to worry about cash.

With EarlySalary’s instant cash option, you can avail money whenever you want.

We would want you to cherish this day and make the most of it.

And not just the day of Valentine, EarlySalary would even suggest you to be the Earlybird where you get something unique for your loved one in the week prior to Valentine’s day.

Presents are always overwhelming, but they are even more endearing when given to people at the time when they are least expecting it.

With EarlySalary’s cash option, you can make Valentine’s day special in various ways. We can suggest some to give you a slight idea!

  • You can take your better half on a dinner date and celebrate the occasion in the grandest of days.
  • You can plan a holiday for your loved one, and travel to explore and experience
  • Valentine’s day falling on a weekday should not deter you in celebrating elaborately. You can make the weekday better than the weekend and paint the town red! You can take her out to the grooviest club and dance the night away!
  • You can get them something unique that will cause them to smile like never before
  • You can fill their wardrobes with the latest clothing and accessories
  • You can plan a weekend getaway for them away from the hustle and bustle of city life

We strongly believe that you all have a creative head and you can implement this Valentine’s day in the most special way for your loved one. EarlySalary’s always there as a friend when you need it!

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Personal loans

>What are Personal Loans?

Pr Personal loans are a category of loans that one can borrow from financial instruments available. These loans can be used for a variety of purposes such as renovation of home, repayment of debts, unexpected expenditure etc. However we must note that personal loans are not easy to obtain, and there are certain qualifications that one needs to have to get approved for a personal loan.

Below are certain points that you can pay heed to if you are considering to go for a personal loan.

Personal loans are unsecured.

This essentially means that in this case no asset or collateral is required as opposed to secured loans. Hence defaulting on personal loans means that the lender cannot set aside any property or mortgage against the loan. This is one of the major reasons for the difficulty in accessing personal loans. However the lender does have other actions to take. This includes reporting to the credit bureaus, having a collection agency or filing legal procedures for the same.

Personal loans have a fixed amount.

The amount that you can take as a loan is fixed in case of a personal loan. The amount fixed depends upon various factors such as the borrower’s income, credit rating etc. The borrower with a better credit score and a higher income can borrow a higher sum of money.

Interest rates for personal loans are calculated according to the customer’s salary

The interest rate is allocated according to the customer’s salary, the amount being borrowed, loan tenure and other criteria that differ from one lender to another.

Personal loans a fixed repayment period.

The repayment time period is fixed and ranges from 1 to 5 years.

Types of Personal loans offered by financial instruments

  • • Personal Loan For Low CIBIL Score (Not easy to get)
  • • Business Startup Loan (For SME and Start-ups)
  • • Same day loans( For people with cash emergencies)
  • • Loans for the unemployed
  • • Govt. Loans for Small Scale Businesses( For small scale business)
  • • Small Business Loans for Women
  • • Corporate Loan (For existing businesses or industrial houses) • Home Improvement Loan
  • • Medical loan
  • • Marriage Loan

Personal loans affect your credit score.

There is no collateral for personal loans; however defaulting on a personal loan can affect your CIBIL score. However, everything from applying for a loan (which means a new inquiry on your credit report) to how timely you make payments will affect your credit. The key to maintaining a good credit score is making your loan payments on time each month.

EarlySalary here is a great option for individuals to get quick access to instant cash without any hassles involved. The personal loans are approved in a matter of just 10 minutes.

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Salary Advance

salary-advance-21

Some situations demand the need for that extra cash. The hammer of Emergencies can strike us anytime, and can cause a financial imbalance.
The very situations can put us in an embarrassing spot where in we have to resort to sources for borrowing personal loans.
One such source is our work place. Salary advance is the solution that we think of falling back onto. However getting an advance from our employer is not often an easy task.

There are various factors that impede our decision to ask for money from employer. We will list down some below
1. Work Environment: The work culture, and organisational policies are influential in determining the granting of salary advance. Some organisations post their salary day guidelines on their website. Some do not. In such cases seeking permission from the HR head or your boss may seem like an unachievable task. Explaining the need is an even more cumbersome task. You would have to figure out the perfect time to visit your boss, so that your request is not over looked.
These situations might push your bosses to look deep into your private finance management, which is not a great thing.
2. Paperwork: Layers of paperwork deter our will to ask for a salary advance. We dread taking a loan, because we do not want to surmounted by innumerable documents.
While some smaller organisations might agree for a loan with a handshake, others might ask you to deep dive into piles of documentation.
The documented agreement could talk about a repayment date. This could be your next salary date or a pre-decided period within which you need to repay the loan.
The paperwork could also include a clause that permits your employer to debit the repayment amount from your future paycheck. Some employers may even charge a few bucks to cover the paperwork.
3. Official agreements are binding: Borrowing from your employer is very different from borrowing from family or friends. You cannot have the attitude of “ I will pay whenever I can”. There is a fixed date, and failure to repay might be consequential in a bad way.
4. Your image perception by others: – Before you borrow, you are also enveloped by thoughts like “ What If I am unable to repay? What will my colleagues think of me” “Am I putting my reputation at stake by borrowing ?” “Will I strain my relationship with my boss?”All of these thoughts pester you even if you are borrowing for the first time. Also if this is a lifestyle issue, then resorting to your employer is a big no-no.
5. Acceptability : The higher you go up the corporate ladder, the probability of you getting a loan will be lower. Instead of going through the hassle of asking for a loan from your employer, use EarlySalary. EarlySalary is a one stop solution to all your cash worries. You do not have to think twice before asking us for money. Procedure for online application is very easy. The money transfer is an instant process, there is no paperwork and hesitation involved.
EarlySalary offers personal loans at a very low rate in the quickest possible way.
EarlySalary is a win-win solution for both the employees and the employers. The employers too would not have to bear any financial constraint. They would escape the paperwork involved.
EarlySalary renders a happy employee and employer situation.

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All about investing in shares

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Shares share an important space in the different media of investment such as bonds, cash and property.
Let’s start by defining shares.
Shares are basically miniature snippets of a company. By owning a share, you own a tiny segment of the company, and also a proportion of the company’s value
Research shows that shares have proven to be amazing long-term investments in the financial arena. They usually surpass government bonds, corporate bonds etc.
There are risks associated, but in the longer term, you get rewarded with benefits.
You can choose to purchase shares, or you can invest in mutual funds. Funds essentially buy a set of shares that are monitored and administered by a fund manager.
And when you own a share, then you are a shareholder for that company. This can mean that you have certain rights over the decision making in the company.
So essentially if you have a share with a company, then over the years, the investment value of it increases with the company’s progress and profit making.
Also, there are certain shares that allow you to reap the benefits together with the company. Meaning the profit gets shared with you as dividends.

Owning a share in big and small establishments
In case of fully established and renowned organisations, you get profits as dividends, however the progress is a not a very fast process.
These dividends can be a regular source of income for you, and you can even invest it for further monetary gains. The income that you procure from dividends is taxed at a certain rate.
For smaller organisations, there are usually no dividends. However the growth is better there.
Also if you wish to sell the shares for that company, it doesn’t come easy. It is hard to find buyers, because of the lesser credibility of the company.
Analysing the growth of the company and predicting it accurately is also critical to us.
Big organisations like Infosys have a lot of happy employees owing to their shares in the company. Here the drivers, plumbers, attendants are all millionaires.
In today’s date, around 100 individuals in Infosys are billionaires, and around 2000 of them are millionaires. The management has a habit of rewarding it’s employees over the years for their dedication and hard work. With the progressing organisation the value of shares, and the benefits for shareholders (including the drivers, attendants etc) increased manifolds.

Risks associated with shares
The economic conditions of the company and it’s surroundings determine the boom or downfall of shares. If the share value decreases then the importance of your investment also fades away.
Holding shares in just one organisation is also very risky. You should spread the risk by owning shares in multiple organisations. Diversity is significant here. What if you own shares in only one company, and it drastically witnesses a degradation in it’s value, then you are at the risk of losing all your money.
Also diversifying helps in better returns with more stability.

Buying and selling of shares
If you intend on purchasing or selling of shares, then it is advisable to consult a traditional stockbroker. You can also consult an online broker or a financial adviser. A financial advisor can guide you well on what to buy and what to sell.
We hope you analyse well before investing in a share. Happy Investing!
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Tax Free Allowances

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Tax rules vary from individuals with a salary to the ones having other/additional sources of income. They need to declare their salary income either offline or online to file their income tax returns.

Let’s first discuss allowance before proceeding ahead to Tax free allowances. Allowance is a moentary benefit provided by the employer to the employee that is over and above the base/regular salary. These benefits were introduced to cover the expenses that the individuals bore while at service. Some of the allowances are taxable, some partly taxable, and some of them are free from taxation.

There are various allowances on which benefits can be availed by salaried individuals on tax. These allowances are exempted under section 10(14) We will list them below:-
Special allowances under section 10(14)1 are

  • (i) Allowance granted to meet cost of travel on tour or on transfer.
  • (ii) Allowance granted on tour or journey in connection with transfer to meet the daily charges incurred by the employee.
  • (iii) Allowance granted to meet conveyance expenses incurred in performance of duty, provided no free conveyance is provided.
  • (iv) Allowance granted to meet expenses incurred on a helper engaged for performance of official duty.
  • (v) Academic, research or training allowance granted in educational or research institutions.
  • (vi) Allowance granted to meet expenditure on purchase/ maintenance of uniform for performance of official duty.

Under Section 10(14)(ii), the following allowances have been prescribed as exempt

Type of Allowance Amount exempt
(i) Special Compensatory Allowance for hilly areas or high altitude allowance or climate allowance. Rs.800 common for various areas of North East, Hilly areas of UP, HP. & J&K and Rs. 7000 per month for Siachen area of J&K and Rs.300 common for all places at a height of 1000 mts or more other than the above places.
(ii) Border area allowance or remote area allowance or a difficult area allowance or disturbed area allowance. Various amounts ranging from Rs.200 per month to Rs.1300 per month are exempt for various areas specified in Rule 2BB.
(iii) Tribal area/Schedule area/Agency area allowance available in MP, Assam, UP., Karnataka, West Bengal, Bihar,Orissa, Tamilnadu, Tripura. Rs.200 per month.
(iv) Any allowance granted to an employee working in any transport system to meet his personal expenditure during duty performed in the course of running of such transport from one place to another place. 70% of such allowance upto a maximum of Rs.6000 per month.
(v) Children education allowance. Rs.100 per month per child upto a maximum 2 children.
(vi) Allowance granted to meet hostel expenditure on employee’s child. Rs.300 per month per child upto a maximum two children.
(vii) Compensatory field area allowance available in various areas of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur Sikkim,Nagaland, H.P., U.P. & J&K. Rs.2600 per month.
(viii) Compensatory modified field area allowance available in specified areas of Punjab, Rajsthan, Haryana, U.P., J&K,HP., West Bengal & North East. Rs.1000 per month.
(ix) Counter insurgency allowance to members of Armed Forces. Rs.3900 Per month.
(x) Transport Allowance granted to an employee to meet his expenditure for the purpose of commuting between the place of residence & duty. Rs.800 per month.
(xi) Transport allowance granted to physically disabled employee for the purpose of commuting between place of duty and residence. Rs.1600 per month.
(xii) Underground allowancegranted to an employeeworking in under groundmines. Rs.800 per month.
(xiii) Special allowance in thenature of high altitudeallowance granted to members of the armed forces. Rs. 1060 p.m. (for altitude of 9000-15000 ft.)
Rs.1600 p.m. (for altitude above 15000 ft.)
(xiv) Any special allowancegranted to the members of the armed forces in the nature of special compensatory highly active field area allowance. Rs. 4,200/- p.m.
(xv) Special allowance granted to members of armed forces in the nature of island duty allowance.(in Andaman & Nicobar & Lakshadweep Group of Islands) Rs. 3,250/- p.m.

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Education Loans

Graduate Piggy Bank

Quality and Quantity seem to come hand in hand. In present scenario, quality education burns a hole in the pockets of parents because of the huge quantity of fees charged for it.
Education loans offered by numerous financial institutions are a boon to the vast sea of students. Students can breathe a sigh of relief with the numerous loan options served across to them, choosing their careers is easier now.
Parents also can be complacent about the fact that they have a monetary pillar to recline on. However there are some factors that we need to be vigilant about.

  • 1. Your educational institution is looked at with a microscope before a loan can be granted. The colleges that offer good placement opportunities are given a green signal. The educational institutions that are not well recognized are given low priority for giving out loans.
  • 2. The CIBIL score for both parents and students is one of the key factors that leads to an approval or disapproval of the education loan. The credit history needs to be up to the mark, and there should be no traces of regular defaults. This holds integral for students, who have just entered college and also have started working. These youngsters might apply for various credit cards with a low repayment capacity resulting into a disrupted CIBIL score. For the parents who are the guarantors, it is imperative to have a good credit score.They are the ones who guarantee the repayment of the loan.
  • 3. Your academic performance also one of the deciding factors for the lenders to grant you a loan. So if you do not fit in the eligibility criteria that the financial institution possesses, then your loan request might be rejected. The banks/financial institution thinks that you would fall in the category of a non-performer and not earn enough to repay.
  • 4. The type of course that you have applied for ascertains the loan approval. If the loan is for a part-time course, then chances are that the bank might reject your loan application. Financial institutions/banks approve loans that are meant for a full-time course abroad or in the same country.
  • 5. The income of your parents is a crucial factor that can turn the tables. Since your parents essay the role of guarantors, and if you fail to repay the loan, then it is on them to repay the amount. If it is fairly low, then the lending institution will not hesitate to disapprove your loan request.
  • 6. Financial institutions do not rely on “Age No bar”. There is a certain age limit upto which loans can be approved and that is 30 years.
  • 7. Whenever you take a loan of more than 7.5 lakhs, then it is necessary to have a collateral and joint borrower in place. If you are unable to provide these, then you might get the loan disapproved. Having a collateral in place, gives a sense of guarantee to the lending elements. They feel that they can recover the amount loaned in case of failed repayment. For an amount lesser than 4 lakhs, you are not required to have a collateral in place. However even such an amount necessitates the involvement of a guardian/parent.
Taking loans for education that is a step taken in many people’s lives. Hence we wanted you to be aware of the obstacles that might come in future planning and career decisioning. Being cautious will help you in better financial planning and control of money.
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How to Repair your credit score?

Credit score

Before conversing about fixing damages to the credit score. Let us talk about a good credit score. We often ignore credit score while applying for loans, and many of us unaware of the low score, until the lender rejects our application and informs us.

We should not turn a deaf ear towards our credit score; instead we should monitor it regularly.

What is the Credit score and why is it so important?

So essentially a credit score represents a person’s creditworthiness when he/she asks for a loan. A person’s credit score is determined by the person’s repayment behavior and credit history, and the creditworthiness is constructed around that. The credit agencies maintain a database of credit standings of individuals and commercial entities. The score ranges between 300- 900. Score of 750 and above is considered to be a good score. There are four agencies that are permitted to maintain this database. They are CIBIL, Equifax, Experien, and CRIF highmark.

Why is the score so important?

With a huge array of financial institutions you might feel that money is easily accessible, but this is not the case. The risks associated with lending have always been considered high and it is necessary for the institution to ensure that it’s lending to right person. Hence, the financial instruments rely on criteria that decide whether you deserve the loan or not. Here is where Credit score shines brightly. It is usually the decision making point for lenders to give or to not give the loan to the borrower. Hence it is important for you to maintain a good credit score, and work towards improving if it is low.

What makes a good credit score.?

The credit score, amongst many things, looks at these critical parameters:-

  • 1. Repayment history
  • 2. Loan enquiries and status
  • 3. Loan to income ratio
  • 4. Length of the credit history
There are no short cuts to improving credit scores. The best way is to administer and manage it over time. And gradually things will fall in the right place.

Let’s focus on some things that we can do to better our low credit scores

  • 1. Stop asking for a new credit – If you are aware that your credit score is poor, you should not apply for a loan at multiple banks. The more inquiries the lender puts into your credit score, the lower it goes. You need to be patient till the time you obtain the suitable score.
  • 2. Lessen the debt quotient in your kitty – You should meticulously chart out the credit accounts that you have out of your credit report. You need to stop using credit cards for this situation. Make a budgetary plan, and direct your expenses towards the higher rate interest credit cards first.
  • 3. Keep your repayment balanced: Well it sounds quirky, however repayment does affect your CIBIL score badly. So in this scenario if you drastically pay off all your repayments at once, then this portrays instability in your financial records. Repayments as a process should take place gradually thus reflecting monetary stability and rendering positivity to your CIBIL score.
  • 4. Set up reminders for Payment: We are so caught up in our routines, that we hardly have a breathing space. But we need to be alert, and sensible when it comes to financial planning and decisioning. Some financial institutions offer payment reminders through their online banking portals that can send you an email or text message telling you about the due date. Also there are automatic payments through your credit cards, wherein if you enroll, then payments are automatically deducted from your account and gets received by the lenders.
  • 5. Be vigilant of any sort of mismatches in your credit reports: It is advisable to leave no stone unturned. Sometimes bank authorities can across erroneous entries to CIBIL. So in such case scenarios, you need to approach banks to rectify the mistakes. Also you need to make sure that all the data on positive and timely payments is recorded and submitted by your lender to CIBIL
  • 6. Use your credit judiciously: Whenever you make use of your credit, then you should analyze the credit utilization ratio. This ratio is of amount of credit you have used to the amount if credit available as balance. If you have numerous credit cards, and you use only one of them, then your credit score may get negatively impacted. Hence you need to be smarter and spread your spends over numerous credit cards and not just one.
  • 7. You need to create credit history if you do not have one: For first-timers, there is an absence of credit history. Lenders might hesitate to give them a loan, owing to their zero credit score. So what you can do is open up a fixed deposit and take a credit card against it. And once you have one in your hand, then you can work towards it and improve the credit score.

We recommend you to check the credit score before applying for any loan to ensure that there are no issues in the credit history. Even if there are any, make sure you get them rectified by the agencies before applying for the loan. Our aim for writing this out was to make you understand the importance of a good credit history, and we hope that you take smarter steps towards financial goals.

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How to handle finances right after marriage?

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Youngsters before marriage find themselves perplexed when finances are being spoken of.

There is an absence of savings or a very much required emergency fund. Since their money management habits are haywire,it becomes essential that they get improved and systematic after marriage.

If the financial loopholes are not taken care of , then these become one of the biggest obstacles for both the individuals.

We would want to talk about some simple yet essential measures that can help you out during this phase of your life, Hence,we have jotted down some significant points of financial management after marriage. Have a look. Some ways to handle finances after marriage:-

  • 1. Plan for the uncertainties: – Even if you are stable in your careers and have a good salary, you both need to have a structured financial element in mind. Emergency won’t knock the door and come. Couples today are not really equipped to combat these emergencies, and are under constant stress. Unexpected illnesses, accidents, layoffs can cause a great deal of pain, and hence it is advisable to save a share of your salary over a period of time. This certainty helps to deal with the uncertainty in a much better way.
  • 2. Smart Spending and Smarter Investing : When you are married, you both need to be accountable for what you spend and invest. Spending is inevitable, as it is the simplest answer to both necessities and wants. You cannot blame the other person for the spending. The bottomline is both of you spend, but on different things, and hence there is a need to set a budget.It is required that both of you get on the same page, and focus clearly on the lines of investment. Be it Investing for next year or for retirement , investment planning is the need of the hour. There are many ways of investment for long and short run both. Seeking professional advise also helps.
  • 3. Set achievable financial goals: Having a foresight helps. Deviate from your monotonous life for once, and give considerable thoughts to life after 5 , 10 or 20 years. Anybody can earn money. But judicious usage of money is an art to learn. You just don’t want to walk on a path, there has to be set destinations. You should chart out your career dreams, lifelong goals, financial expectations together and set time to achieve and fulfil them. Summarising the important and less important ones and then prioritising them is the right course of action.
  • 4. Combining or Not combining accounts: So while planning finances, the question of having a joint account or a separate one arises.

    Both the options are working models. Let’s talk about them in detail.

    a)Separate accounts: – When you keep money totally separate, everything(rent, mortgages, necessities etc) has to be split . Also you need to evaluate what you spend, be careful of not spending too extravagantly, as the entire monetary responsibility shifts its weight towards your partner. Also, you need to plan to spend from each account to gain the tax benefits on Home loans, EMI, Investment Proof etc.

    b)Joint Account – In this case, you would put money in a single basket, and use it to pay off and spend. However this requires financial coordination and a mutual agreement on expenditures. You need to get to the common grounds of spending, because if there is a lot of deviation in spending patterns, then there is a lot of room for monetary imbalance and arguments.
  • 5. Checking Financial history – It is important for you to discuss financial history with your spouse and vice versa. Being aware of the financial history, such as the use and number of credit cards, credit scores, way of spending paints a clearer financial picture. So in case one of you has a poor credit score, then having a joint account becomes is not a smooth decision to make. So decision making is highly influenced by financial arrangement of both individuals.

    Managing Debts and Saving: It is good to combine accounts when the debts are cleared off in single or both accounts.

    Saving after the wedding is definitely a good idea, but saving before is essential too. We suggest you to open up a savings account before marriage for setting money goals beforehand and having a vision of future expenses. Both the individuals should invest a portion of their combined income after marriage, and let the account grow. I hope we have helped you in making better decisions. Happy Wedding !
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