All posts tagged: common money mistakes

Social Media Score can affect your credit score

Social media communication concept

We are aware of how vast and effective Social Media has become. In fact we owe our ability to be aware about what is going on to social media.
Social media has ceased to be just a platform for interacting and socialising. It is much more now.
Traditional verification to evaluate our monetary potential fails at times. Smart organisations have therefore found out these smarter ways to assess our abilities to pay back.
Credit agencies now assess your financial caliber on the basis of your social media existence and life.
For Lending platforms,having a good character value is critically important to them, because that is what allows them to have faith on our repaying ability.

There are many things that the credit agencies/bureaus look at before lowering or upping our credit score. Let’s jot down some primary elements that are considered by the credit agencies to grant or not grant loans.

  • 1. Our lifestyles and daily routines can be well investigated through social media platforms like Facebook, Linkedin and Twitter.
  • 2. They might look at whether we are into alcohol or drugs or at slightest of possibilities that can affect our ability to continue your job.
    These results can potentially reduce our credit score
  • 3. A pattern is cemented around our social behaviour on the basis of our activities and behaviour on social media. This is used to trace the ability in us to repay.
  • 4. Our creditworthiness is judged through our two c’s on social media, they are: – contacts that we have and the contents that we post.
  • 5. There are certain keywords encircled by the credit agencies. The profiles with words like wasted, trashed, smashed etc are scrutinised or put under the black list.
    They might be potential defaulters in the eyes of the credit givers.
    Posts that talk about Casinos, or the posts with ALL CAPS or that contain bad English are again looked at.
  • 6. Our circle of friends is also encircled and pin pointed at in case of any doubts. So if there is anything off the road there, we might land up in their caution radar.
    Most of the credit agencies utilise the social media for people who do not have a credit score, or have a very newly built credit history. This is also for people who have just migrated.
    Also it is fair on the part of credit agencies to get acquainted with the borrower properly so that lending is a risk-free process for them.
    We need to safeguard our creditworthiness by being cautious about what we post on our social media accounts. Also we need to discuss within our family and educate others about the potential decrease in the creditworthiness in case of a bad social media score
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Education Loans

Graduate Piggy Bank

Quality and Quantity seem to come hand in hand. In present scenario, quality education burns a hole in the pockets of parents because of the huge quantity of fees charged for it.
Education loans offered by numerous financial institutions are a boon to the vast sea of students. Students can breathe a sigh of relief with the numerous loan options served across to them, choosing their careers is easier now.
Parents also can be complacent about the fact that they have a monetary pillar to recline on. However there are some factors that we need to be vigilant about.

  • 1. Your educational institution is looked at with a microscope before a loan can be granted. The colleges that offer good placement opportunities are given a green signal. The educational institutions that are not well recognized are given low priority for giving out loans.
  • 2. The CIBIL score for both parents and students is one of the key factors that leads to an approval or disapproval of the education loan. The credit history needs to be up to the mark, and there should be no traces of regular defaults. This holds integral for students, who have just entered college and also have started working. These youngsters might apply for various credit cards with a low repayment capacity resulting into a disrupted CIBIL score. For the parents who are the guarantors, it is imperative to have a good credit score.They are the ones who guarantee the repayment of the loan.
  • 3. Your academic performance also one of the deciding factors for the lenders to grant you a loan. So if you do not fit in the eligibility criteria that the financial institution possesses, then your loan request might be rejected. The banks/financial institution thinks that you would fall in the category of a non-performer and not earn enough to repay.
  • 4. The type of course that you have applied for ascertains the loan approval. If the loan is for a part-time course, then chances are that the bank might reject your loan application. Financial institutions/banks approve loans that are meant for a full-time course abroad or in the same country.
  • 5. The income of your parents is a crucial factor that can turn the tables. Since your parents essay the role of guarantors, and if you fail to repay the loan, then it is on them to repay the amount. If it is fairly low, then the lending institution will not hesitate to disapprove your loan request.
  • 6. Financial institutions do not rely on “Age No bar”. There is a certain age limit upto which loans can be approved and that is 30 years.
  • 7. Whenever you take a loan of more than 7.5 lakhs, then it is necessary to have a collateral and joint borrower in place. If you are unable to provide these, then you might get the loan disapproved. Having a collateral in place, gives a sense of guarantee to the lending elements. They feel that they can recover the amount loaned in case of failed repayment. For an amount lesser than 4 lakhs, you are not required to have a collateral in place. However even such an amount necessitates the involvement of a guardian/parent.
Taking loans for education that is a step taken in many people’s lives. Hence we wanted you to be aware of the obstacles that might come in future planning and career decisioning. Being cautious will help you in better financial planning and control of money.
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Common Money Management Mistakes Fresher’s Commit in their Early Years

keep-calm-and-save-money-39

While you are young, you do not really realize the role that money plays in your life in latter stages. So it becomes imperative to realize that there is a balance in money management that we need to attain.

Just entering into the shoes of an employee makes you see the world with a different view altogether. You have a different take on everything. Stepping out of your comfort zone to a ground of exposure makes you cringe with anxiety at times. Because financial responsibility now is yours to take care of.

We want to list down some basic yet important thumb rules that you should follow at early stages to plan better in finances.

  • 1. Keep a check on your purchases: Money is yours. Direct your expenses and control your money. Do it either the offline or online way, but do it. Try your hands on excel sheet, or manage money with one of the money management apps. It makes life easier with lesser roadblocks. Be systematic, and assess the costs that spread across areas of essentials and non-essentials.
  • 2. Always build some emergency fund. It is imperative for us to have some financial aid, in case of an emergency. Try keeping aside a small portion of your savings for this section. Parting away from money is painful, but this money will be your friend in need during the unavoidable crisis
  • 3. Steer clear of debts: Debts do become our part of lives, at some point or the other. But it is necessary to keep a check on the debt pile. It should not accumulate enough to push us in the debt trap. Be wary of what you borrow. Borrow but repay on time. Don’t be habitual in using the credit card every now and then, if you cannot repay on time. This just builds pressure that is uncalled for.
  • 4. Shake hands with Tax management: Even though you are in your primitive years of earning, tax management is an art to master. The sooner you come to terms with it, the better it is for your later life. Evaluating the money that gets pumped in by tax machines, helps us to list better our expenses for duties , necessities and obligations.
  • 5. Resort to common sense and practicality: Be pragmatic about your needs and wants. For example wait for a while till the gadget in your wish list becomes cheaper instead of buying it right away. Opt for facilities that are free, instead of going out of the way to splurge on non-necessities. This does not imply that you need to compromise on your basic needs, but this just means that avoid extravagant expenditure. Especially the one that is easy to evade.
You have just embarked upon your professional journey, and we would want to wish you luck for all your endeavours. We want you to enjoy, learn and grow more to become financially able and stable. Happy Earning!
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How to Repair Your Credit Score?

Credit score

Before conversing about fixing damages to the credit score. Let us talk about a good credit score. We often ignore credit score while applying for loans, and many of us unaware of the low score, until the lender rejects our application and informs us.

We should not turn a deaf ear towards our credit score; instead we should monitor it regularly.

What is the Credit score and why is it so important?

So essentially a credit score represents a person’s creditworthiness when he/she asks for a loan. A person’s credit score is determined by the person’s repayment behavior and credit history, and the creditworthiness is constructed around that. The credit agencies maintain a database of credit standings of individuals and commercial entities. The score ranges between 300- 900. Score of 750 and above is considered to be a good score. There are four agencies that are permitted to maintain this database. They are CIBIL, Equifax, Experien, and CRIF highmark.

Why is the score so important?

With a huge array of financial institutions you might feel that money is easily accessible, but this is not the case. The risks associated with lending have always been considered high and it is necessary for the institution to ensure that it’s lending to right person. Hence, the financial instruments rely on criteria that decide whether you deserve the loan or not. Here is where Credit score shines brightly. It is usually the decision making point for lenders to give or to not give the loan to the borrower. Hence it is important for you to maintain a good credit score, and work towards improving if it is low.

What makes a good credit score.?

The credit score, amongst many things, looks at these critical parameters:-

  • 1. Repayment history
  • 2. Loan enquiries and status
  • 3. Loan to income ratio
  • 4. Length of the credit history
There are no short cuts to improving credit scores. The best way is to administer and manage it over time. And gradually things will fall in the right place.

Let’s focus on some things that we can do to better our low credit scores

  • 1. Stop asking for a new credit – If you are aware that your credit score is poor, you should not apply for a loan at multiple banks. The more inquiries the lender puts into your credit score, the lower it goes. You need to be patient till the time you obtain the suitable score.
  • 2. Lessen the debt quotient in your kitty – You should meticulously chart out the credit accounts that you have out of your credit report. You need to stop using credit cards for this situation. Make a budgetary plan, and direct your expenses towards the higher rate interest credit cards first.
  • 3. Keep your repayment balanced: Well it sounds quirky, however repayment does affect your CIBIL score badly. So in this scenario if you drastically pay off all your repayments at once, then this portrays instability in your financial records. Repayments as a process should take place gradually thus reflecting monetary stability and rendering positivity to your CIBIL score.
  • 4. Set up reminders for Payment: We are so caught up in our routines, that we hardly have a breathing space. But we need to be alert, and sensible when it comes to financial planning and decisioning. Some financial institutions offer payment reminders through their online banking portals that can send you an email or text message telling you about the due date. Also there are automatic payments through your credit cards, wherein if you enroll, then payments are automatically deducted from your account and gets received by the lenders.
  • 5. Be vigilant of any sort of mismatches in your credit reports: It is advisable to leave no stone unturned. Sometimes bank authorities can across erroneous entries to CIBIL. So in such case scenarios, you need to approach banks to rectify the mistakes. Also you need to make sure that all the data on positive and timely payments is recorded and submitted by your lender to CIBIL
  • 6. Use your credit judiciously: Whenever you make use of your credit, then you should analyze the credit utilization ratio. This ratio is of amount of credit you have used to the amount if credit available as balance. If you have numerous credit cards, and you use only one of them, then your credit score may get negatively impacted. Hence you need to be smarter and spread your spends over numerous credit cards and not just one.
  • 7. You need to create credit history if you do not have one: For first-timers, there is an absence of credit history. Lenders might hesitate to give them a loan, owing to their zero credit score. So what you can do is open up a fixed deposit and take a credit card against it. And once you have one in your hand, then you can work towards it and improve the credit score.

We recommend you to check the credit score before applying for any loan to ensure that there are no issues in the credit history. Even if there are any, make sure you get them rectified by the agencies before applying for the loan. Our aim for writing this out was to make you understand the importance of a good credit history, and we hope that you take smarter steps towards financial goals.

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Money Management Apps

Money Management apps

Who doesn’t want a peaceful night’s sleep? But we do not always get what we want. We know for a fact that money matters, but money matters hound us in our sleep.

We have to essay the role of a smart money manager. Balanced budget is a must. But it is not as easy as it sounds. With our minds and finances in multiple places, it becomes formidable task to keep a track of money.

Going through uncountable paperwork and doing mathematics on the receipts is a cumbersome task. This leads to a haywire budget management, and we dread the day of budgeting.

The ultimate resolve to this is going digital. Technology has embedded deeply in our professional and personal life. And it is Technology that helps us solve most of the obstacles in our lives.

The tech masters have devised several apps that aid in budgetary planning, and taking smart financial decisions

We will list down some of the coolest money management apps that fix the financial fixes.
  • MTRAKR – This app helps in managing wealth and keeping a track on what we earn and what we spend. And as the name suggests, the tracking system here helps us to get rid of extensive paperwork. You don’t have to fret over having more than one bank account. This helps in managing multiple bank accounts. It is built beautifully, and has segregated categories of food, utilities etc. People with no finance background or zero bank knowledge can also tap this app with ease. It is fully automated and does not ask for any sort of bank passwords.
  • My Tax India – Calculating and saving tax, taking into account investments and other deductions is a complex task. Here is where My tax India becomes your saviour. It systematically calculates the amount of tax that you need to pay, and you can try out various settings to figure out the optimum level of investment that we need to make. It is user-friendly, and you do not need to be a maestro in finance to use it. So, at the time of tax filing you know what to expect, and you act accordingly. Otherwise you are left baffled with very less time to think through.
  • Wally – Wally is another expense tracker in the digital arena, it keeps a check on your expenses and keeps the spends stacked in categories. One very interesting feature is that it uses your location and categorises the venue, leaving you with very little work. All you need to do is fill in the expenses. Another feature is it’s ability to scan the receipts, relieving you of the stress to type in financial details . You get notified every time you reach a savings goal. Money Management is a much easier task now. We can direct our expenses accordingly.
  • Mint – So Mint basically integrates all your card and bank accounts while keeping an eye on your earnings, spends and savings. This gives in an in-depth analysis of your finances. This is one of the coolest Money Managers in the digital space.
  • Officetime – This is an intriguing application. It is for office goers for whom time is money. It helps you in analysing how productive your time is, and how you can use it more efficiently. This also helps you keep a track on your spends, and generates invoices for expense reimbursements.
  • Homebudget– As the name suggests this application apart from having a beautiful look and feel, creates a beautiful balance in the finances for your family members. It helps you to split bills with your spouse or family members by coordinating efficiently . It also helps working professionals to keep a tab on their multiple income sources.
  • Splitswise – You like going out, partying, or having dinner with your friends? Then this is the app apt for you. This is extremely useful in splitting the expenses. Splitswise, divides the cost systematically if there is a group with joint expenses and it gets tough to split expenses. This is a user-friendly app, and is very popular amongst youth.
  • Digilocker – This app is extremely handy to align and stack your financial documents Starting from your PAN card, Income Tax returns to other Bank documents, Digilocker manages all the confidential documents in an ordered fashion In short DigiLocker acts as the superhero in disguise.
So what are you waiting for? Tap the app that suits your needs.
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All posts tagged: common money mistakes

How to Handle Finances Right After Marriage?

marriage-finance-changes

Youngsters before marriage find themselves perplexed when finances are being spoken of.

There is an absence of savings or a very much required emergency fund. Since their money management habits are haywire,it becomes essential that they get improved and systematic after marriage.

If the financial loopholes are not taken care of , then these become one of the biggest obstacles for both the individuals.

We would want to talk about some simple yet essential measures that can help you out during this phase of your life, Hence,we have jotted down some significant points of financial management after marriage. Have a look. Some ways to handle finances after marriage:-

  • 1. Plan for the uncertainties: – Even if you are stable in your careers and have a good salary, you both need to have a structured financial element in mind. Emergency won’t knock the door and come. Couples today are not really equipped to combat these emergencies, and are under constant stress. Unexpected illnesses, accidents, layoffs can cause a great deal of pain, and hence it is advisable to save a share of your salary over a period of time. This certainty helps to deal with the uncertainty in a much better way.
  • 2. Smart Spending and Smarter Investing : When you are married, you both need to be accountable for what you spend and invest. Spending is inevitable, as it is the simplest answer to both necessities and wants. You cannot blame the other person for the spending. The bottomline is both of you spend, but on different things, and hence there is a need to set a budget.It is required that both of you get on the same page, and focus clearly on the lines of investment. Be it Investing for next year or for retirement , investment planning is the need of the hour. There are many ways of investment for long and short run both. Seeking professional advise also helps.
  • 3. Set achievable financial goals: Having a foresight helps. Deviate from your monotonous life for once, and give considerable thoughts to life after 5 , 10 or 20 years. Anybody can earn money. But judicious usage of money is an art to learn. You just don’t want to walk on a path, there has to be set destinations. You should chart out your career dreams, lifelong goals, financial expectations together and set time to achieve and fulfil them. Summarising the important and less important ones and then prioritising them is the right course of action.
  • 4. Combining or Not combining accounts: So while planning finances, the question of having a joint account or a separate one arises.

    Both the options are working models. Let’s talk about them in detail.

    a)Separate accounts: – When you keep money totally separate, everything(rent, mortgages, necessities etc) has to be split . Also you need to evaluate what you spend, be careful of not spending too extravagantly, as the entire monetary responsibility shifts its weight towards your partner. Also, you need to plan to spend from each account to gain the tax benefits on Home loans, EMI, Investment Proof etc.

    b)Joint Account – In this case, you would put money in a single basket, and use it to pay off and spend. However this requires financial coordination and a mutual agreement on expenditures. You need to get to the common grounds of spending, because if there is a lot of deviation in spending patterns, then there is a lot of room for monetary imbalance and arguments.
  • 5. Checking Financial history – It is important for you to discuss financial history with your spouse and vice versa. Being aware of the financial history, such as the use and number of credit cards, credit scores, way of spending paints a clearer financial picture. So in case one of you has a poor credit score, then having a joint account becomes is not a smooth decision to make. So decision making is highly influenced by financial arrangement of both individuals.

    Managing Debts and Saving: It is good to combine accounts when the debts are cleared off in single or both accounts.

    Saving after the wedding is definitely a good idea, but saving before is essential too. We suggest you to open up a savings account before marriage for setting money goals beforehand and having a vision of future expenses. Both the individuals should invest a portion of their combined income after marriage, and let the account grow. I hope we have helped you in making better decisions. Happy Wedding !
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Default on Loan Can Severely Affect Your Credit Score

credit-score2

Authored article by Akshay Mehrotra, Co-Founder & CEO, EarlySalary.com

Default on a loan can severely affect your credit history and may dramatically reduce your chance of getting any credit.

Sometimes when we are young we choose not paying credit card for various reasons. Sometimes we just don’t have the money, sometime, the utility of the benefit accrued from the loan is long gone and other priorities calls for money ahead of repayment or Sometimes, we are just outright lazy and keep doing late payments while knowing the consequences.

The fact is if once a delinquent, always a delinquent customer, Banks and other financial Institutions treat you with caution. It is necessary to understand how Financial Institutions look at your repayment track record and what are these credit bureaus. In 2005, CICRA (Credit Information Companies (Regulations) Act) came which paved way for specialized institutions for monitoring and recording all loans taken from Banks and other Financial Institutions. These companies (known as CICs) collect, process and present information about each borrower and assign a credit score. Today, there are four CICs in India, CIBIL, Equifax, Experian and CRIF High Mark. Hence, A credit history of every customer submitted to all four bureaus, which allows Financial Institutions to dive into and judge whether a customer applying is worthy to give loan or not.

Credit information by definition could means any information relating to :—

  • The amounts and the nature of loans, amounts outstanding by a credit institution to any borrower;
  • The nature of security provided by borrower;
  • The guarantee furnished;

Does giving guarantee for someone else’s Loan also impact Scores? – The answer in short is yes. The financial institutions send the guarantor details to CICs, in addition to a person taking loans. Hence it is important to understand that the role of a guarantor is crucial. If the borrower defaults, then you as the guarantor will suffer too as you too will be in the “defaulter” basket. Thus, Think hard before becoming a guarantor.

Not performing on loans and credit products severely impacts your credit score; a credit score basically is a system that enables a credit institution to assess the creditworthiness and capacity of a borrower to repay his/her loan and advance. While it is subjective and depends on Institutions’ internal policies, but according to my understanding a late payment on a credit card will severely impact one’s chance of getting a personal or Home loan.

Hence, taking a loan from one bank and thinking no other bank will know the credit history, is a fool’s paradise. If you are not repaying your credit, the information will be accessed by the financial institution who can lend to you and it will affect their decision.

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How to Come out of Debt Trap?

Debt Erased Acknowledging that you are over leveraged is one of most important steps to get debt free. If you understand your finances, you will learn to manage them better. We have all gone through phases in life when we release that we are spending more than what we are earning and its important we understand this and take steps to manage things better. Understand your debt: I have learned to split my debt into 4 parts
    1. Revolver: high cost debt usually linked to credit card spends or cash loans where interest loans are too high and not paying on time results in multiplier effect on outstanding.
    2. Live life debt: EMI loans linked to buying products or holidays. This type of debt is usually not visible as it gets camouflaged under subvention or supplier funding.
    3. Asset class debt: long term loans of cars and homes.
    4. Liquid class debt: using asset class products to take a loan like Gold loan, loan against property.
Some board thumb rules:
  • your loan amount should never be more than 8X your annual salary.
  • Revolver loans should never be more than 50% your monthly salary.
  • Total EMI should not be more than 50% of salary

Quick solutions to reduce debt burden:
  • 1. Balance transfer: Banks offer to people with large outstanding the option of balance transfer from one credit card to another. You can opt for a fixed duration balance transfer(3-12months repayment), in such transfers interest rates are usually 9 – 15% depending on your bank. Some banks also offer a ‘Lifetime duration’ option to make the repayment, though interest rates can be much higher (12-24%). Please note banks also levy process fee, which usually is 2% of the outstanding amount. After the bank verified your details, they will send you the cheque on the demand draft in favour of your existing credit card that you can use to repay.
  • 2. Converting outstanding balance to a EMI: usually if the net outstanding across credit cards is too high I will suggest you can take a small personal loan and repay your credit cards. Please note credit card debt comes at above 2% interest per month (36% – 46% per annum) and also attaches service charge while a simple personal loan will cost between 12-16% per annum.
  • 3. Negotiating lower interest rates with existing bank/institution or look at loan transfer: most institution allow some amount of negotiation usually linked to a bullet payment.
  • 4. Salary cover to paying credit card outstanding : usually credit card outstanding can be managed by paying over two salary cycles and managing funds better. Pay day or bridge salary loans like EarlySalary can be very usual in such stages.
  • 5. Loan against FD’s or Gold Loan: loan against asset comes at much lower interest usually loan against FDs come at 2-4% while Gold loans come b/w 4-8% per annum and thus are very good way to reduce debt burden.

Simple life rule to manage finances be save 30% of salary and don’t leave more than 25% in EMIs.
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Factors Impacting Your CIBIL Score

Kite 2_01

         Nothing is worse than having a bad credit score, as it can tarnish your social image. How do I improve my credit score, what are the factors which hit your CIBIL score hard and what should we do to avoid them, are some of the common difficulties, most of the people go through but they lack awareness or ignore it. This ignorance is the cause of the diminishing CIBIL score.    Many people are stuck with a bad credit score due to their poor credit behavior of the borrowers or the lender’s mistakes. Having a good CIBIL score can help you get loans easily. Below highlighted are some common mistakes which should not be ignored. (more…)

All posts tagged: common money mistakes

Common Money Management Mistakes, Freshers commit in their Early Years

Money-mistakes Many young adults in their 20-30s make money mistakes due to lack of complete knowledge, resulting in serious blunders further. It is important to understand their finances, and keep a proper tab on it. Check out these 5 common money management mistakes freshers wish they realized in their Early years. (more…)