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The World of Fintech

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The world of Fintech

The combination of Startups and Finance has lighted the thought bubble of Techies.
This has prodded them to move forward to build a space that blends both.
Basically Fintech organisations use technology to help users avail financial services effortlessly and on the go.
Fintech encompasses all technology-based companies operating in insurance, payment, loans, asset management etc.

Fintech is taking the technological space by a storm. With the introduction of these startups, the technical space the distance between technology and money has been bridged.

With the emerging industry of Fintech, there is an increased accessibility to the finance, along with an elevated awareness amongst the users of finance and technology. These firms offer instant, constant and efficient financial services to the users. They also serve as a competition to the conventional banks that exist.

The aim to integrate technology so that various systems in place interact has lead to the seamless processing of information and data transfer. This leads to better decision making processes(for cash, loans, credits etc) and also diminishes the cost.
With the emergence of multitudes of NBFC( Non-banking financial companies), Payment banks , mobile wallet companies etc have rendered a surge in the Fintech sector.

There are various verticals for Fintech
There are numerous startups that have ventured in the services of lending . These startups surpass the conventional financial institutions by offering alternative credit models, and also enhance the accessibility of users to money and money matters. Basically users can gain access to capital much faster and at a cheaper rates through these.

  • • Fintech has also entered Remittance. Remittance otherwise is a lengthy process with unending steps to achieve the goal. This holds true for both outward and inward transfer of funds. Also the costs associated are extravagant in nature
  • • They also provide both private and businesses to accept payments over the platforms of web and mobile. These Fintech startups intend on integrating payment processing into mobile and web apps without putting in extra efforts to maintain the merchant accounts. Steps are taken to ensure that there is no fraudulence that happens. The transfers have to be made directly into the bank account that is linked to the payee.
  • • Yet another bracket of Fintech companies exist that help individuals save manage and invest money. These Fintech companies essentially help in Personal Finance and retail Investment services. Also they help the individuals make better financial choices. Be it them wanting money or them wanting to save it.
  • • The infrastructural pertaining to old-age financial institutions are also be solved by these new Fintech organisations. There supremacy in technology and efficiency in finance is becoming popular amongst the people. They have enormously improved access to financial data and analytics is much easier and quicker now to get through to.
  • • Another intriguing Fintech Platform is providing access to crowdfunding . crowdfunding helps organisations in nascent stage to raise money and develop in the right direction.
  • • These companies initial focus lay on the core of finance, risk management and the incrementing revenues. However now it has expanded to user-friendliness and customer experience.

Fintech has not only disrupted traditional banking institutions, but has also made banking much easier for individuals. EarlySalary is one such organisation in the Fintech world. We at EarlySalary provide loans upto a lakh in minutes through your smartphone. And it is a very simple process! Just login through your Facebook account, fill in a few details and get instant cash. So wanna get some cash?
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All about investing in shares

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Shares share an important space in the different media of investment such as bonds, cash and property.
Let’s start by defining shares.
Shares are basically miniature snippets of a company. By owning a share, you own a tiny segment of the company, and also a proportion of the company’s value
Research shows that shares have proven to be amazing long-term investments in the financial arena. They usually surpass government bonds, corporate bonds etc.
There are risks associated, but in the longer term, you get rewarded with benefits.
You can choose to purchase shares, or you can invest in mutual funds. Funds essentially buy a set of shares that are monitored and administered by a fund manager.
And when you own a share, then you are a shareholder for that company. This can mean that you have certain rights over the decision making in the company.
So essentially if you have a share with a company, then over the years, the investment value of it increases with the company’s progress and profit making.
Also, there are certain shares that allow you to reap the benefits together with the company. Meaning the profit gets shared with you as dividends.

Owning a share in big and small establishments
In case of fully established and renowned organisations, you get profits as dividends, however the progress is a not a very fast process.
These dividends can be a regular source of income for you, and you can even invest it for further monetary gains. The income that you procure from dividends is taxed at a certain rate.
For smaller organisations, there are usually no dividends. However the growth is better there.
Also if you wish to sell the shares for that company, it doesn’t come easy. It is hard to find buyers, because of the lesser credibility of the company.
Analysing the growth of the company and predicting it accurately is also critical to us.
Big organisations like Infosys have a lot of happy employees owing to their shares in the company. Here the drivers, plumbers, attendants are all millionaires.
In today’s date, around 100 individuals in Infosys are billionaires, and around 2000 of them are millionaires. The management has a habit of rewarding it’s employees over the years for their dedication and hard work. With the progressing organisation the value of shares, and the benefits for shareholders (including the drivers, attendants etc) increased manifolds.

Risks associated with shares
The economic conditions of the company and it’s surroundings determine the boom or downfall of shares. If the share value decreases then the importance of your investment also fades away.
Holding shares in just one organisation is also very risky. You should spread the risk by owning shares in multiple organisations. Diversity is significant here. What if you own shares in only one company, and it drastically witnesses a degradation in it’s value, then you are at the risk of losing all your money.
Also diversifying helps in better returns with more stability.

Buying and selling of shares
If you intend on purchasing or selling of shares, then it is advisable to consult a traditional stockbroker. You can also consult an online broker or a financial adviser. A financial advisor can guide you well on what to buy and what to sell.
We hope you analyse well before investing in a share. Happy Investing!
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Fixed Deposits Versus Mutual Funds

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In our financial space, we come to a state, where we have sufficient funds, and we wish to invest a chunk of it for future plans and goals.
Two very popularly used media for investment are Fixed deposits and Mutual Funds. We will distinguish between the two after we define them properly.

Fixed Deposits
Here we deposit money in a bank for a specific period of time that ranges from 7 days to 10 years. The amount invested earns an interest based on the tenure of deposition. It can be as high as 9% per annum(varies according to the banks and it’s schemes). After the tenure ends, the money is returned to us topped with the interest earned.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can be best described as a place where funds are consolidated by numerous investors. The fund accumulated is invested in one or many asset classes like equity, debt, liquid assets etc.
It carries the tag mutual because all the perils, awards, gains and losses in the invested sum are shared by all the investors in accordance to their contributions.

Difference between Fixed Deposits and Mutual Funds

Rates of Interests:
In case of Fixed deposits, the rate of interests are pre-determined and remain intact during the entire tenure of investment. The rates of interest vary for mutual funds as per the market conditions. In case of an uphill in the market scenario, the benefits of mutual funds surpass those of fixed deposits, as the returns are higher. While a downhill situation in the market renders fixed deposits as the winners in terms of the returns that are offered.

Liquidity:
In case of Fixed deposits, the tenure is fixed, and they offer medium and low liquidity options until you complete the entire tenure of deposit. Mutual Funds offer liquidity to the investors but with certain sets of terms and conditions.
There would be some penalty associated with pre-mature withdrawal of our fixed deposits, hence we would lose a chunk of our expected return. For mutual funds, after the minimum holding period is over the liquidity rate is high. However if we immediately withdraw after we invest that is within a year, then we are liable to pay an exit load cost of 1 percent.

Risk Factor
Fixed deposits are for investors with low risk appetite. However mutual funds are for people with high-risk appetite.

Investment Cost
There are certain costs associated with the mutual funds that we invest in, however fixed deposits do not levy any expense on the investor. The expense incurred depends on the kind of mutual fund that we choose. Liquid funds may have a low expense of up to 1% p.a., debt mutual funds may have anywhere between 0.5% p.a. to 2.25% p.a., and the expense of equity mutual funds may be up to 3% p.a. This expense is adjusted in your returns

Tax Scenario
We would all love to receive more amount of money post the tax returns from our investment
In case of mutual funds, you need not pay any long term capital gain tax on your investment in equity mutual funds However for a short term gain, we need to pay taxes at 15 percent. The gains in long term investment in debt mutual funds are taxed at 20 percent with indexation and 10 percent without indexation. For liquid mutual funds, the tax is as per the tax slab.
Regardless of the tenure in fixed deposits, the interest that is earned in totality is taxable according to the tax slabs.

We have drawn a line of differentiation between Fixed deposits and Mutual funds. Hope this helps you out better with investment plans. Happy investing.

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Social Media Score can affect your credit score

Social media communication concept

We are aware of how vast and effective Social Media has become. In fact we owe our ability to be aware about what is going on to social media.
Social media has ceased to be just a platform for interacting and socialising. It is much more now.
Traditional verification to evaluate our monetary potential fails at times. Smart organisations have therefore found out these smarter ways to assess our abilities to pay back.
Credit agencies now assess your financial caliber on the basis of your social media existence and life.
For Lending platforms,having a good character value is critically important to them, because that is what allows them to have faith on our repaying ability.

There are many things that the credit agencies/bureaus look at before lowering or upping our credit score. Let’s jot down some primary elements that are considered by the credit agencies to grant or not grant loans.

  • 1. Our lifestyles and daily routines can be well investigated through social media platforms like Facebook, Linkedin and Twitter.
  • 2. They might look at whether we are into alcohol or drugs or at slightest of possibilities that can affect our ability to continue your job.
    These results can potentially reduce our credit score
  • 3. A pattern is cemented around our social behaviour on the basis of our activities and behaviour on social media. This is used to trace the ability in us to repay.
  • 4. Our creditworthiness is judged through our two c’s on social media, they are: – contacts that we have and the contents that we post.
  • 5. There are certain keywords encircled by the credit agencies. The profiles with words like wasted, trashed, smashed etc are scrutinised or put under the black list.
    They might be potential defaulters in the eyes of the credit givers.
    Posts that talk about Casinos, or the posts with ALL CAPS or that contain bad English are again looked at.
  • 6. Our circle of friends is also encircled and pin pointed at in case of any doubts. So if there is anything off the road there, we might land up in their caution radar.
    Most of the credit agencies utilise the social media for people who do not have a credit score, or have a very newly built credit history. This is also for people who have just migrated.
    Also it is fair on the part of credit agencies to get acquainted with the borrower properly so that lending is a risk-free process for them.
    We need to safeguard our creditworthiness by being cautious about what we post on our social media accounts. Also we need to discuss within our family and educate others about the potential decrease in the creditworthiness in case of a bad social media score
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Ways to repay loan early!

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We encounter many situations wherein we have to rely on loans. And where there is a loan there is a debt that follows.
We often become perplexed and overwhelmed after seeing the debt pile. This is often due to mismanagement. All that is required is a sense of systematic financial arrangement that will allow you to be on time with repayments or even be an early payer.

We will list down some ways through which you can pay off your debts in a much faster way.
1. Go for Bi-weekly Payments. You can choose to pay the lender every two weeks instead of the regular monthly repayment
Paying your loan early will save your money that amounts due to the interest. This will also decrease the overall term of the loan.
With the surplus money, you can do so much with your life. You can invest it, or you can save it for retirement or you can pay off other debts.
However you need to consider this with your lender first. There should be no penalties associated with an early payment.

2. You can speed up the repayment procedure with each salary hike you get.
You can do that by incrementing the EMI account with every hike in your income. Even a moderate increase in the income saves a great deal of interest. For example If you get an increase of 7 to 8 percent then you can easily increase the EMI amount by a 4-5 percent. This little increase in the EMI can lead to the completion of loan repayment at a much faster rate thus saving a lot of interest and time.

3. Choose the path of Refinance when you have many loans in your basket. Taking a loan against your existing asset again helps in waving off other debts in place, and also helps in reducing the overall interest rates that are spread over multiple debts. We will explain how.
Refinancing basically is paying off your existing loan, and going forward with a new one, while using the same property as collateral or security. You can utilise refinancing for reducing the term of a longer mortgage, or for a switch from a fixed-rate to an adjustable-rate mortgage.

4. You can convert the credit card dues to EMI’s. Credit cards are otherwise convenient, but they also give you a hard time, if you spend without thinking.
If the credit card bills become insanely high, then it is time for you to ask your credit card issuing company to convert your due payments into EMI’s. Many of the credit card companies allow the customers to pay off in 6-12 EMI’s. However if the amount is large, then it might even get extended to 24 months.

5. You can resort to rounding up of the payments. Here you will have to spend a little extra money. But this leads to saving your money in the long term on the interest rate, and also shortening your loan period.

6. Most importantly, bring in a wave of change in your lifestyle too. It is important for you to strike a balance between what you spend and what you save. Do not run into recurring debts. Also keep in mind that paying off debts after the due date affects your creditworthiness. So it is advisable to pay on time, and not fall prey to debt traps.

So do not run away from repayments. Investing in the healthy habit of paying on time will help you out to steer clear of debts and will also help you to live in financial stability.

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Setting personal budgets

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In our lives today, it seems that we are constantly in our running shoes, because all we do is race to fulfilling our duties, necessities and obligations.
Expenses are never-ending. How we wished that we could count the expenses on our fingers, but unfortunately we cannot.

It has become extremely necessary to have a budget made. Having a budget in place allows more breathing space when it comes to financial decisioning. We can actually take a pause, and direct our expenses better, without being hasty about money matters

We will talk about how we can focus on administering our expenses and savings.

  • 1. Track your spends and earns for every month. Figure out what you spend and where you spend. It goes for your earnings too.
  • 2. Also prioritize your bills. The necessities have to be thought about first. Rent, Groceries, Electricity tops the list.
  • 3. Now is the time to plan for your future goals and dreams. Start saving and investing to make the dreams turn into reality. Sit and discuss your goals with your family, and ask them to give in inputs too about what they want to achieve, lets say in the next five years. Such brainstorming is always productive.
  • 4. Create categories for your goals. Tag them as short-term, mid-term and long-term. Your short-term goals could be buying a refrigerator next month, or purchasing a car next year.

    Mid-term goals could be about you wanting to go on a vacation with your family to Malaysia

    Long-term goals would be you thinking about retirement plans and policies.
  • 5. While we have created goals, we need to also assess the value associated with them. Inflation is a factor that can cause an upheaval in our financial dreams. Short-term goals would not be affected by inflation. However mid-term and long-term goals can be affected by inflation. So you need to be wise enough to invest also side by side.
    This will help your money boom too over the course of time.
    Also having a correct estimate on the value of assets is imperative.
  • 6. After estimations, and goal settings comes the most difficult part. Now you have to save for your goals. That means you need to keep aside some money for your different goals. Shelling out money at appropriate intervals will help you in achieving all the goals that you want.
  • 7. A great way to track, monitor and create a more systematic budget is through the innumerable money management apps available in the technical horizon. These apps act as your financial advisors and guides and they accurately advise and calculate spends and earns.
    Some of the most popularly used money management apps are Wally, Mint, Homebudget etc.
    You can get a detailed description of the same at money-management-apps

    Managing money seems like a task impossible. But we assure you that with budgeting and prioritizing your monetary needs, it is a task really easy.

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Money Management Tips for Freshers

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While you are young, you do not really realize the role that money plays in your life in latter stages. So it becomes imperative to realize that there is a balance in money management that we need to attain.

Just entering into the shoes of an employee makes you see the world with a different view altogether. You have a different take on everything. Stepping out of your comfort zone to a ground of exposure makes you cringe with anxiety at times. Because financial responsibility now is yours to take care of.

We want to list down some basic yet important thumb rules that you should follow at early stages to plan better in finances.

  • 1. Keep a check on your purchases: Money is yours. Direct your expenses and control your money. Do it either the offline or online way, but do it. Try your hands on excel sheet, or manage money with one of the money management apps. It makes life easier with lesser roadblocks. Be systematic, and assess the costs that spread across areas of essentials and non-essentials.
  • 2. Always build some emergency fund. It is imperative for us to have some financial aid, in case of an emergency. Try keeping aside a small portion of your savings for this section. Parting away from money is painful, but this money will be your friend in need during the unavoidable crisis
  • 3. Steer clear of debts: Debts do become our part of lives, at some point or the other. But it is necessary to keep a check on the debt pile. It should not accumulate enough to push us in the debt trap. Be wary of what you borrow. Borrow but repay on time. Don’t be habitual in using the credit card every now and then, if you cannot repay on time. This just builds pressure that is uncalled for.
  • 4. Shake hands with Tax management: Even though you are in your primitive years of earning, tax management is an art to master. The sooner you come to terms with it, the better it is for your later life. Evaluating the money that gets pumped in by tax machines, helps us to list better our expenses for duties , necessities and obligations.
  • 5. Resort to common sense and practicality: Be pragmatic about your needs and wants. For example wait for a while till the gadget in your wish list becomes cheaper instead of buying it right away. Opt for facilities that are free, instead of going out of the way to splurge on non-necessities. This does not imply that you need to compromise on your basic needs, but this just means that avoid extravagant expenditure. Especially the one that is easy to evade.
You have just embarked upon your professional journey, and we would want to wish you luck for all your endeavours. We want you to enjoy, learn and grow more to become financially able and stable. Happy Earning!
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Applying for a Home Loan

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Financial planning while taking a home causes us to hyperventilate without fail. This is an integral decision in our lives, where we are financially able to get a house of our own, but we dread the debt that follows to get one.
We need to involve ourselves in comprehensive financial planning, tackle debts and control our money efficiently.

We will discuss about few things that can help us in applying for a home loan without any hassle.

1. Firstly to get a home loan, we need to have a decent salary and a secured job. We should be regular with income tax payments and filing of the returns as well. We should also get our form 16 from our employer.

2. It is extremely crucial for us to have a good credit score. In the absence of a good credit score, the financial institution might reject our loan request.We should be prompt in paying our debt on the due date.

3. We need to also keep a check on any other loans that we have applied for and taken. Financial institutions monitor our capability to repay. For example, If we have taken many loans that occupy 50% or more of our salary, then we probably might not be in the state to repay the loans. Hence a balance is advisable.

4. We need to get a mortgage banker involved in the process of selection of loans. There are innumerable loan options provided by the lender, and we at our part have innumerable questions. Having a mortgage banker leads to us making decisions faster with efficacy.

5. As mentioned, financial institutions evaluate our repayment capabilities. the lending instruments will ask us for all the investment data that we have. We would be required to share the details of bank account/s, post office savings schemes, insurance plans, employment details etc. In case we are freelancers or self-employed, then we need to give the bank the details of our income, income tax return, balance sheets , so that they grant a loan.

6. It is very important for us to assess the kind of property that we choose to get a loan for. It may become a little difficult to get the loan sanctioned if the property is a resale property of age 10-15 years. The financial institutions also evaluate the construction stages of the property. The property needs to be dispute free as well. So it is wise to be safer by going for a property that falls under a good record and is on pre-approved list of the banks.

7. While applying for the home loan, we need to be ready with the down payment. Most of the banks give allowance for eighty five percent of your loan. We need to pay the remaining amount as down payment.

8. The repayment time also is an essential factor to contemplate upon. We can choose the time to repay our loan. But while deciding the time limit, we need to consider the fact that a longer period of repayment time will lead to lower EMI’s but higher rates of interest. We also need to consider our age too at the time of repayment. Will that be the right time and will we have the ability to repay at that age? So we need to make the choice accordingly.

9.The financial institutions do not press on the need to have a guarantor. However having a sense of guarantee ,leads to an increment in our credibility.
Also there are cases where in it becomes mandatory for us to have a guarantor. For example, if we are self-employed, or if we are on a transferable job, if our city of purchasing the property varies from the city where we reside etc.
The guarantor could be our friend or family. And he/she takes guarantee in the legal space. But there is criteria for the guarantor. There are age and income standards that are set by the financial institutions, and if they are not fulfilled then the person can not be a guarantor.
In case we become delinquent, and we are unable to pay back. Then it is our guarantor’s responsibility to repay the loan.

10. If we apply for a certain loan amount, and it is not getting sanctioned, then we can choose to apply for the loan with our spouse. The chances of getting approval increases.

11. Having an appraiser in place helps all the parties aware that you are paying a reasonable price. The financial institutions arrange for an appraiser who essays the role of a third party. The appraiser evaluates and gives an estimate of the value of the house that we intend on buying.

At the stage of closing the process, there is certain paperwork that we need to get done with. It takes a few days for the lender to fund your loan after the completion of paperwork.

Our intention was to draw your attention towards certain basic but crucial points that are required in the home loan process. Hope this article helped! Happy Buying! .

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How to Repair your credit score?

Credit score

Before conversing about fixing damages to the credit score. Let us talk about a good credit score. We often ignore credit score while applying for loans, and many of us unaware of the low score, until the lender rejects our application and informs us.

We should not turn a deaf ear towards our credit score; instead we should monitor it regularly.

What is the Credit score and why is it so important?

So essentially a credit score represents a person’s creditworthiness when he/she asks for a loan. A person’s credit score is determined by the person’s repayment behavior and credit history, and the creditworthiness is constructed around that. The credit agencies maintain a database of credit standings of individuals and commercial entities. The score ranges between 300- 900. Score of 750 and above is considered to be a good score. There are four agencies that are permitted to maintain this database. They are CIBIL, Equifax, Experien, and CRIF highmark.

Why is the score so important?

With a huge array of financial institutions you might feel that money is easily accessible, but this is not the case. The risks associated with lending have always been considered high and it is necessary for the institution to ensure that it’s lending to right person. Hence, the financial instruments rely on criteria that decide whether you deserve the loan or not. Here is where Credit score shines brightly. It is usually the decision making point for lenders to give or to not give the loan to the borrower. Hence it is important for you to maintain a good credit score, and work towards improving if it is low.

What makes a good credit score.?

The credit score, amongst many things, looks at these critical parameters:-

  • 1. Repayment history
  • 2. Loan enquiries and status
  • 3. Loan to income ratio
  • 4. Length of the credit history
There are no short cuts to improving credit scores. The best way is to administer and manage it over time. And gradually things will fall in the right place.

Let’s focus on some things that we can do to better our low credit scores

  • 1. Stop asking for a new credit – If you are aware that your credit score is poor, you should not apply for a loan at multiple banks. The more inquiries the lender puts into your credit score, the lower it goes. You need to be patient till the time you obtain the suitable score.
  • 2. Lessen the debt quotient in your kitty – You should meticulously chart out the credit accounts that you have out of your credit report. You need to stop using credit cards for this situation. Make a budgetary plan, and direct your expenses towards the higher rate interest credit cards first.
  • 3. Keep your repayment balanced: Well it sounds quirky, however repayment does affect your CIBIL score badly. So in this scenario if you drastically pay off all your repayments at once, then this portrays instability in your financial records. Repayments as a process should take place gradually thus reflecting monetary stability and rendering positivity to your CIBIL score.
  • 4. Set up reminders for Payment: We are so caught up in our routines, that we hardly have a breathing space. But we need to be alert, and sensible when it comes to financial planning and decisioning. Some financial institutions offer payment reminders through their online banking portals that can send you an email or text message telling you about the due date. Also there are automatic payments through your credit cards, wherein if you enroll, then payments are automatically deducted from your account and gets received by the lenders.
  • 5. Be vigilant of any sort of mismatches in your credit reports: It is advisable to leave no stone unturned. Sometimes bank authorities can across erroneous entries to CIBIL. So in such case scenarios, you need to approach banks to rectify the mistakes. Also you need to make sure that all the data on positive and timely payments is recorded and submitted by your lender to CIBIL
  • 6. Use your credit judiciously: Whenever you make use of your credit, then you should analyze the credit utilization ratio. This ratio is of amount of credit you have used to the amount if credit available as balance. If you have numerous credit cards, and you use only one of them, then your credit score may get negatively impacted. Hence you need to be smarter and spread your spends over numerous credit cards and not just one.
  • 7. You need to create credit history if you do not have one: For first-timers, there is an absence of credit history. Lenders might hesitate to give them a loan, owing to their zero credit score. So what you can do is open up a fixed deposit and take a credit card against it. And once you have one in your hand, then you can work towards it and improve the credit score.

We recommend you to check the credit score before applying for any loan to ensure that there are no issues in the credit history. Even if there are any, make sure you get them rectified by the agencies before applying for the loan. Our aim for writing this out was to make you understand the importance of a good credit history, and we hope that you take smarter steps towards financial goals.

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