All posts tagged: EMI

Fixed Deposits Versus Mutual Funds

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In our financial space, we come to a state, where we have sufficient funds, and we wish to invest a chunk of it for future plans and goals.
Two very popularly used media for investment are Fixed deposits and Mutual Funds. We will distinguish between the two after we define them properly.

Fixed Deposits
Here we deposit money in a bank for a specific period of time that ranges from 7 days to 10 years. The amount invested earns an interest based on the tenure of deposition. It can be as high as 9% per annum(varies according to the banks and it’s schemes). After the tenure ends, the money is returned to us topped with the interest earned.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can be best described as a place where funds are consolidated by numerous investors. The fund accumulated is invested in one or many asset classes like equity, debt, liquid assets etc.
It carries the tag mutual because all the perils, awards, gains and losses in the invested sum are shared by all the investors in accordance to their contributions.

Difference between Fixed Deposits and Mutual Funds

Rates of Interests:
In case of Fixed deposits, the rate of interests are pre-determined and remain intact during the entire tenure of investment. The rates of interest vary for mutual funds as per the market conditions. In case of an uphill in the market scenario, the benefits of mutual funds surpass those of fixed deposits, as the returns are higher. While a downhill situation in the market renders fixed deposits as the winners in terms of the returns that are offered.

Liquidity:
In case of Fixed deposits, the tenure is fixed, and they offer medium and low liquidity options until you complete the entire tenure of deposit. Mutual Funds offer liquidity to the investors but with certain sets of terms and conditions.
There would be some penalty associated with pre-mature withdrawal of our fixed deposits, hence we would lose a chunk of our expected return. For mutual funds, after the minimum holding period is over the liquidity rate is high. However if we immediately withdraw after we invest that is within a year, then we are liable to pay an exit load cost of 1 percent.

Risk Factor
Fixed deposits are for investors with low risk appetite. However mutual funds are for people with high-risk appetite.

Investment Cost
There are certain costs associated with the mutual funds that we invest in, however fixed deposits do not levy any expense on the investor. The expense incurred depends on the kind of mutual fund that we choose. Liquid funds may have a low expense of up to 1% p.a., debt mutual funds may have anywhere between 0.5% p.a. to 2.25% p.a., and the expense of equity mutual funds may be up to 3% p.a. This expense is adjusted in your returns

Tax Scenario
We would all love to receive more amount of money post the tax returns from our investment
In case of mutual funds, you need not pay any long term capital gain tax on your investment in equity mutual funds However for a short term gain, we need to pay taxes at 15 percent. The gains in long term investment in debt mutual funds are taxed at 20 percent with indexation and 10 percent without indexation. For liquid mutual funds, the tax is as per the tax slab.
Regardless of the tenure in fixed deposits, the interest that is earned in totality is taxable according to the tax slabs.

We have drawn a line of differentiation between Fixed deposits and Mutual funds. Hope this helps you out better with investment plans. Happy investing.

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All posts tagged: EMI

Ways to repay loan early!

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We encounter many situations wherein we have to rely on loans. And where there is a loan there is a debt that follows.
We often become perplexed and overwhelmed after seeing the debt pile. This is often due to mismanagement. All that is required is a sense of systematic financial arrangement that will allow you to be on time with repayments or even be an early payer.

We will list down some ways through which you can pay off your debts in a much faster way.
1. Go for Bi-weekly Payments. You can choose to pay the lender every two weeks instead of the regular monthly repayment
Paying your loan early will save your money that amounts due to the interest. This will also decrease the overall term of the loan.
With the surplus money, you can do so much with your life. You can invest it, or you can save it for retirement or you can pay off other debts.
However you need to consider this with your lender first. There should be no penalties associated with an early payment.

2. You can speed up the repayment procedure with each salary hike you get.
You can do that by incrementing the EMI account with every hike in your income. Even a moderate increase in the income saves a great deal of interest. For example If you get an increase of 7 to 8 percent then you can easily increase the EMI amount by a 4-5 percent. This little increase in the EMI can lead to the completion of loan repayment at a much faster rate thus saving a lot of interest and time.

3. Choose the path of Refinance when you have many loans in your basket. Taking a loan against your existing asset again helps in waving off other debts in place, and also helps in reducing the overall interest rates that are spread over multiple debts. We will explain how.
Refinancing basically is paying off your existing loan, and going forward with a new one, while using the same property as collateral or security. You can utilise refinancing for reducing the term of a longer mortgage, or for a switch from a fixed-rate to an adjustable-rate mortgage.

4. You can convert the credit card dues to EMI’s. Credit cards are otherwise convenient, but they also give you a hard time, if you spend without thinking.
If the credit card bills become insanely high, then it is time for you to ask your credit card issuing company to convert your due payments into EMI’s. Many of the credit card companies allow the customers to pay off in 6-12 EMI’s. However if the amount is large, then it might even get extended to 24 months.

5. You can resort to rounding up of the payments. Here you will have to spend a little extra money. But this leads to saving your money in the long term on the interest rate, and also shortening your loan period.

6. Most importantly, bring in a wave of change in your lifestyle too. It is important for you to strike a balance between what you spend and what you save. Do not run into recurring debts. Also keep in mind that paying off debts after the due date affects your creditworthiness. So it is advisable to pay on time, and not fall prey to debt traps.

So do not run away from repayments. Investing in the healthy habit of paying on time will help you out to steer clear of debts and will also help you to live in financial stability.

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All posts tagged: EMI

Unsecured Versus Secured Loans

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One of the most common questions that we ask ourselves is “What kind of loan do I opt for?”
We take baby steps towards Loans. Loans are like those tricky questions in our exams, where we have to meditate hard to make the right choice.
Deciding upon which loans to take depends upon numerous parameters such as whether you want to take up a house or cater to your your child’s education or go on a vacation.

Taking loans is a financial commitment, and by agreeing for it, you are basically agreeing to pay a fixed part of your salary till your loan is repaid.
Loans can be majorly categorised into unsecured and secured loans. Sit back and read on further to know about these loans.

Secured Loans:- These loans are guarded by an asset or a collateral Through secured loans, you can get a huge sum of money. Putting your house or your car is a good enough security against the loan taken. Secured loans offer lower rates of interests, higher borrowing limits and longer repayment terms as compared to unsecured loans. The lender has the right to take you asset incase you become delinquent. Also if the selling price does not cover the debt, then the lender can pursue you to settle the difference in amount.

Some examples of Secured Loans are
1. Mortgage wherein your house is taken as security against your loan
2. Auto Loan: Here your vehicle is taken as security against your loan

The perks of Secured loans:-
Cost:- Secured loans are less expensive as compared to Unsecured loans.
Easy Accessibility – Secured loans can be obtained even if your credit score is bad. The lender can seize property incase of failure in repayment.
Tax deduction on interest:– The interest paid on the loans such as mortgage is tax deductible.

The downfalls:-
Losing your assets – You can lose a valuable asset, however the lender loses zero.

Unsecured Loans:- Here you do not have to give the right to your assets to the lender. Lenders are more prone to risks here.
When you apply for an unsecured loan, the loan gets sanctioned by the user on the basis of repayment capability. The borrower is judged on certain parameters such as credit history, capital, collateral , borrower’s current financial situation as well as prevalent economic factors) . His/her character is also taken into consideration to convert decisions to actions.

Some examples of Unsecured Loans are
1.Credit Cards
2.Personal Loans

The perks :-
Secured Assets – You do not lose assets, because the loan does not require a collateral backing them

The downfalls :-
Harder to get – Unsecured loans might be harder to get from the lender. You need to have a good credit rating, and if you do not have one, you might be considered risk worthy.
High Interest Rates – The interest rates may be higher.
Receiving the loan of Lesser value – Also you might not get the desired amount depending upon your credit scores. Hope we have helped you to get a better understanding of loans that exist.

Be smart and take smarter decisions!
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