All posts tagged: finance

Banking Sector

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The Indian banking sector has its roots in the 18th century, and has evolved in a variety of ways since then Post-Independence, The Reserve Bank of India, India’s central banking authority, was established in April 1935, but was nationalised on 1 January 1949 under the terms of the Reserve Bank of India (Transfer to Public Ownership) Act, 1948 (RBI, 2005b).]In 1949, the Banking Regulation Act was enacted, which empowered the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to regulate, control, and inspect the banks in India.The Banking Regulation Act also provided that no new bank or branch of an existing bank could be opened without a license from the RBI, and no two banks could have common directors.

During the Nationalisation in 1960’s, Inspite of the offerings, authorities and regulations of the Reserve Bank of India, banks in India except the State Bank of India (SBI), remained owned and operated by private persons. By the 1960s, the Indian banking industry had become an important tool to facilitate the development of the Indian economy.

Second Round of nationalisation of six more commercial banks ensued in 1980. This gave more control to the Indian Government, and it regulated 91% of the banking business in India.

In the year 1993, Government merged New Bank of India and Punjab National Bank rendering reduction in nationalized banks from twenty to nineteen.

Liberaisation in the early 1990’s lead to licensing few private banks. These financial instruments came to be known as New Generation tech-savvy banks that included ICICI Bank, HDFC bank, Oriental bank of commerce, Axis bank etc. This led to a surge in the growth of economical conditions of India, fuelled by government, private and foreign banks.

The next stage for the Indian banking has been set up, with proposed relaxation of norms for foreign direct investment.

The new policy shook the Banking sector in India completely and led to a retail boom. Also with the advent of Information technology in this era, online banking and ATM’s became popular and grew substantially in the coming years

Currently,
The Indian banking sector is broadly classified into scheduled banks and non-scheduled banks. All banks included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 are Scheduled Banks. These banks comprise Scheduled Commercial Banks and Scheduled Co-operative Banks. Scheduled Co-operative Banks consist of Scheduled State Co-operative Banks and Scheduled Urban Cooperative Banks.Scheduled Commercial Banks in India are categorised into five different groups according to their ownership and/or nature of operation:
• State Bank of India and its Associates
• Nationalised Banks
• Private Sector Banks
• Foreign Banks
• Regional Rural Banks.
In the bank group-wise classification, IDBI Bank Ltd. is included in Nationalised Banks.

In 2010, Banking sector had seasoned well in terms of product development,supply and reach. Reach to remotely rural areas still pose challenges to the government

In terms of quality of assets and capital adequacy, Indian banks are considered to have clean, strong and transparent balance sheets relative to other banks in comparable economies in its region.

By 2013 the Indian Banking Industry employed 1,175,149 employees and had a total of 109,811 branches in India and 171 branches abroad and manages an aggregate deposit of₹67,504.54 and bank credit of ₹52,604.59. The net profit of the banks operating in India was ₹1,027.51 against a turnover of ₹9,148.59 for the financial year 2012-13 15 July 2015, 16.92 crore accounts were opened, with around ₹20,288.37 crore were deposited under the scheme which also has an option for opening new bank accounts with zero balance

Size of the Market: Currently the banking ecosystem in India consists of 26 public sector banks, 25 private sector banks, 43 foreign banks, 56 regional rural banks, 1,589 urban cooperative banks and 93,550 rural cooperative banks. Public Sector banks occupy 80 percent of the market, thereby showing dominance over the private lending banks. The mobile banking transactions in December 2015 incremented four times annually.

According to RBI(Reserve Bank of india), the banking sector is well capitalised and administered. The financial and economic conditions are balanced. Credit, Market and liquidity risk suggest that Indian banks are generally resilient and have stood strong against global plunge well.

Let’s highlight some key developments in the banking sector
• Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB), an investment management company, has bought a large stake in Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd from Japan-based Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation.
• India’s first small finance bank called the Capital Small Finance Bank has started its operations by launching 10 branch offices in Punjab, and aims to increase the number of branches to 29 in the current FY 2016-17.
• FreeCharge, the wallet company owned by online retailer Snapdeal, has partnered with Yes Bank and MasterCard to launch FreeCharge Go, a virtual card that allows users to pay for goods and services at online shops and offline retailers.
• Exim Bank of India and the Government of Andhra Pradesh has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to promote exports in the state.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has granted in-principle licences to 10 applicants to open small finance banks, which will help expanding access to financial services in rural and semi-urban areas.
• IDFC Bank has become the latest new bank to start operations with 23 branches, including 15 branches in rural areas of Madhya Pradesh.
• The RBI has given in-principle approval to 11 applicants to establish payment banks. These banks can accept deposits and remittances, but are not allowed to extend any loans.
• The RBI has allowed third-party white label automated teller machines (ATM) to accept international cards, including international prepaid cards, and said white label ATMs can now tie up with any commercial bank for cash supply.
• The RBI has allowed Indian alternative investment funds (AIFs), to invest abroad, in order to increase the investment opportunities for these funds.
• RBL Bank informed that it would be the anchor investor in Trifecta Capital’s Venture Debt Fund, the first alternative investment fund (AIF) in India with a commitment of Rs 50 crore (US$ 7.34 million). This move provides RBL Bank the opportunity to support the emerging venture debt market in India.
• Bandhan Financial Services raised Rs 1,600 crore (US$ 234.8 million) from two international institutional investors to help convert its microfinance business into a full service bank. Bandhan, one of the two entities to get a banking licence along with IDFC, launched its banking operations in August 2015.
Government Initiatives

The government and the regulator have undertaken several measures to strengthen the Indian banking sector.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued guidelines for priority sector lending certificates (PSLCs), according to which banks can issue four different kinds of PSLCs—those for the shortfall in agriculture lending, lending to small and marginal farmers, lending to micro enterprises and for overall lending targets – to meet their priority sector lending targets.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has allowed additional reserves to be part of tier-1 or core capital of banks, such as revaluation reserves linked to property holdings, foreign currency translation reserves and deferred tax assets, which is expected to shore up the capital of state-run banks and privately owned banks by up to Rs 35,000 crore (US$ 5.14 billion) and Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 734 million) respectively.
• Scheduled commercial banks can grant non-fund based facilities including partial credit enhancement (PEC), to those customers, who do not avail any fund based facility from any bank in India.
• Ministry of Finance has planned to inject Rs 5,000 crore (US$ 734 million) in eight public sector banks in order to boost their capital,
• To reduce the burden of loan repayment on farmers, a provision of Rs 15,000 crore (US$ 2.2 billion) has been made in the Union Budget 2016-17 towards interest subvention.
• Under Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY), 217 million accounts! have been opened and 174.6 million RuPay debit cards have been issued. These new accounts have mustered deposits worth almost Rs 37,000crore (US$ 5.53 billion).
• The Government of India is looking to set up a special fund, as a part of National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF), to deal with stressed assets of banks. The special fund will potentially take over assets which are viable but don’t have additional fresh equity from promoters coming in to complete the project.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) plans to soon come out with guidelines, such as common risk-based know-your-customer (KYC) norms, to reinforce protection for consumers, especially since a large number of Indians have now been financially included post the government’s massive drive to open a bank account for each household.
• To provide relief to the state electricity distribution companies, Government of India has proposed to their lenders that 75 per cent of their loans be converted to state government bonds in two phases by March 2017. This will help several banks, especially public sector banks, to offload credit to state electricity distribution companies from their loan book, thereby improving their asset quality.
• Government of India aims to extend insurance, pension and credit facilities to those excluded from these benefits under the PradhanMantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY).
• To facilitate an easy access to finance by Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs), the Government/RBI has launched Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to provide guarantee cover for collateral free credit facilities extended to MSEs upto Rs 1 Crore (US$ 0.15 million). Moreover, Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Ltd. was also established to refinance all Micro-finance Institutions (MFIs), which are in the business of lending to micro / small business entities engaged in manufacturing, trading and services activities upto Rs 10 lakh (US$ 0.015 million).
Future prospects:- The financial segment is undergoing several changes with many initiatives coming in. Country’s economic growth is likely to boom with positive business collaborations, consumer satisfaction and a balanced inflation.

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All posts tagged: finance

Salary Advance

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Some situations demand the need for that extra cash. The hammer of Emergencies can strike us anytime, and can cause a financial imbalance.
The very situations can put us in an embarrassing spot where in we have to resort to sources for borrowing personal loans.
One such source is our work place. Salary advance is the solution that we think of falling back onto. However getting an advance from our employer is not often an easy task.

There are various factors that impede our decision to ask for money from employer. We will list down some below
1. Work Environment: The work culture, and organisational policies are influential in determining the granting of salary advance. Some organisations post their salary day guidelines on their website. Some do not. In such cases seeking permission from the HR head or your boss may seem like an unachievable task. Explaining the need is an even more cumbersome task. You would have to figure out the perfect time to visit your boss, so that your request is not over looked.
These situations might push your bosses to look deep into your private finance management, which is not a great thing.
2. Paperwork: Layers of paperwork deter our will to ask for a salary advance. We dread taking a loan, because we do not want to surmounted by innumerable documents.
While some smaller organisations might agree for a loan with a handshake, others might ask you to deep dive into piles of documentation.
The documented agreement could talk about a repayment date. This could be your next salary date or a pre-decided period within which you need to repay the loan.
The paperwork could also include a clause that permits your employer to debit the repayment amount from your future paycheck. Some employers may even charge a few bucks to cover the paperwork.
3. Official agreements are binding: Borrowing from your employer is very different from borrowing from family or friends. You cannot have the attitude of “ I will pay whenever I can”. There is a fixed date, and failure to repay might be consequential in a bad way.
4. Your image perception by others: – Before you borrow, you are also enveloped by thoughts like “ What If I am unable to repay? What will my colleagues think of me” “Am I putting my reputation at stake by borrowing ?” “Will I strain my relationship with my boss?”All of these thoughts pester you even if you are borrowing for the first time. Also if this is a lifestyle issue, then resorting to your employer is a big no-no.
5. Acceptability : The higher you go up the corporate ladder, the probability of you getting a loan will be lower. Instead of going through the hassle of asking for a loan from your employer, use EarlySalary. EarlySalary is a one stop solution to all your cash worries. You do not have to think twice before asking us for money. Procedure for online application is very easy. The money transfer is an instant process, there is no paperwork and hesitation involved.
EarlySalary offers personal loans at a very low rate in the quickest possible way.
EarlySalary is a win-win solution for both the employees and the employers. The employers too would not have to bear any financial constraint. They would escape the paperwork involved.
EarlySalary renders a happy employee and employer situation.

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All posts tagged: finance

Money Management Apps

Money Management apps

Who doesn’t want a peaceful night’s sleep? But we do not always get what we want. We know for a fact that money matters, but money matters hound us in our sleep.

We have to essay the role of a smart money manager. Balanced budget is a must. But it is not as easy as it sounds. With our minds and finances in multiple places, it becomes formidable task to keep a track of money.

Going through uncountable paperwork and doing mathematics on the receipts is a cumbersome task. This leads to a haywire budget management, and we dread the day of budgeting.

The ultimate resolve to this is going digital. Technology has embedded deeply in our professional and personal life. And it is Technology that helps us solve most of the obstacles in our lives.

The tech masters have devised several apps that aid in budgetary planning, and taking smart financial decisions

We will list down some of the coolest money management apps that fix the financial fixes.
  • MTRAKR – This app helps in managing wealth and keeping a track on what we earn and what we spend. And as the name suggests, the tracking system here helps us to get rid of extensive paperwork. You don’t have to fret over having more than one bank account. This helps in managing multiple bank accounts. It is built beautifully, and has segregated categories of food, utilities etc. People with no finance background or zero bank knowledge can also tap this app with ease. It is fully automated and does not ask for any sort of bank passwords.
  • My Tax India – Calculating and saving tax, taking into account investments and other deductions is a complex task. Here is where My tax India becomes your saviour. It systematically calculates the amount of tax that you need to pay, and you can try out various settings to figure out the optimum level of investment that we need to make. It is user-friendly, and you do not need to be a maestro in finance to use it. So, at the time of tax filing you know what to expect, and you act accordingly. Otherwise you are left baffled with very less time to think through.
  • Wally – Wally is another expense tracker in the digital arena, it keeps a check on your expenses and keeps the spends stacked in categories. One very interesting feature is that it uses your location and categorises the venue, leaving you with very little work. All you need to do is fill in the expenses. Another feature is it’s ability to scan the receipts, relieving you of the stress to type in financial details . You get notified every time you reach a savings goal. Money Management is a much easier task now. We can direct our expenses accordingly.
  • Mint – So Mint basically integrates all your card and bank accounts while keeping an eye on your earnings, spends and savings. This gives in an in-depth analysis of your finances. This is one of the coolest Money Managers in the digital space.
  • Officetime – This is an intriguing application. It is for office goers for whom time is money. It helps you in analysing how productive your time is, and how you can use it more efficiently. This also helps you keep a track on your spends, and generates invoices for expense reimbursements.
  • Homebudget– As the name suggests this application apart from having a beautiful look and feel, creates a beautiful balance in the finances for your family members. It helps you to split bills with your spouse or family members by coordinating efficiently . It also helps working professionals to keep a tab on their multiple income sources.
  • Splitswise – You like going out, partying, or having dinner with your friends? Then this is the app apt for you. This is extremely useful in splitting the expenses. Splitswise, divides the cost systematically if there is a group with joint expenses and it gets tough to split expenses. This is a user-friendly app, and is very popular amongst youth.
  • Digilocker – This app is extremely handy to align and stack your financial documents Starting from your PAN card, Income Tax returns to other Bank documents, Digilocker manages all the confidential documents in an ordered fashion In short DigiLocker acts as the superhero in disguise.
So what are you waiting for? Tap the app that suits your needs.
Image Source:telegraph.co.uk

All posts tagged: finance

Wise Investment

wise investment

Investing your hard earned savings seems a difficult task , but in reality it is not. You you don’t have to be rich to start investing. The key principle is to Start small and start early.

If we focus on the right path to investment, then we would be amused to see the amount that we save in a very short time. It is mind-boggling to see everyone around me spending a considerable time before buying a mobile phone, car or even grocery. But when It comes to investment , the most significant decision of our lives(financially), we just go about it without giving much thought to it.

Hence we want to talk about how investment can be prioritised in the right fashion, and we have the following to explain just that.

7 pillars to build a wise long term investment portfolio:-

  • 1. Put up a road map together: and answer two significant questions: a) How long do want to remain invested for? b) What’s your risk appetite?
  • 2. Diversify your investments: The investors falling in the category of high risk takers, also plan investment by diversifying their portfolio. This is important not to invest everything into a single basket or instrument class.
  • 3. It is imperative to Plan for long term and avoid the temptation of short term gains.
  • 4. Never invest in something that you do not fully/partially understand. Research well to understand and then invest accordingly.
  • 5. Invest to save tax : You can save tax by investing under section 80 C. The maximum amount that can be invested is 1.50 lakh, and this means your income gets reduced by this investment amount. So you are exempted to pay tax on this amount. Also the invested amount increases in a period of time. So it is a win-win situation for you.
  • 6. Investment should be your first priority, and it should begin with the initial sum of money, and not with the leftover amount. Practicing this as a habit will help you clearly evaluate the difference, and you will be surprised to see the funds that are actually available for you to spend.
  • 7. Every Rupee costs: don’t let go off a single rupee. Do not fall fall pray to exotic schemes and keep your portfolio very simple. Try to look for the extra yield that many banks offer such as the superior returns on saving as compared to others that don’t. Saving is as simple as spending. If you intend to do it then just follow it like you follow your daily rituals.

We are listing down some wise saving options for the young working population:

ELSS: (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) is a diversified equity mutual fund which is qualified for tax exemption under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ELSS is a good option to invest in, because the investor has the opportunity to invest in equity markets as well apart from getting benefits of tax deduction. Also, ELSS has the shortest lock- in period of three years as compared to other tax saving options.

Mutual Funds: Mutual funds are diverse in nature.. They are broadly divided into Equities, Debts and Balance funds. Here the money is pooled in by investors in many bonds, stocks and other types of investment. It also gives you the access to investment professionals who expertise to manage your funds in the best way possible So owning shares in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds the risks get spread out. Diversification ensures that a loss in a particular investment gets nullified by gain in another

ULIP’s: ULIP or Unit Linked insurance plan is a life insurance product that provides the risk cover to the policy holder accompanied by the option to invest for long term. Recurring Deposit : The concept is fairly simple. You can allocate a fixed amount of money every month as deposit with a bank for a period that you specify. This will push you to save and invest on regular basis thus securing your future.

PPF :- The Public Provident Fund has been established by the central government. Any individual can open a PPF account with any nationalised bank or its branches that handle PPF accounts. The minimum amount to be deposited in this account is Rs 500 per year. The maximum amount you can deposit every year is Rs 100,000. The entire balance can be withdrawn upon maturity i.e after 15 years of the close of financial year . The rate of interest is decided upon the government every year. Currently the rate of interest and principle is exempted from tax at the time of deposit and withdrawal.

We hope that this article helps you out in thinking better and planning wisely. Happy Investing!

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