All posts tagged: fixed deposits

Fixed Deposits Versus Mutual Funds

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In our financial space, we come to a state, where we have sufficient funds, and we wish to invest a chunk of it for future plans and goals.
Two very popularly used media for investment are Fixed deposits and Mutual Funds. We will distinguish between the two after we define them properly.

Fixed Deposits
Here we deposit money in a bank for a specific period of time that ranges from 7 days to 10 years. The amount invested earns an interest based on the tenure of deposition. It can be as high as 9% per annum(varies according to the banks and it’s schemes). After the tenure ends, the money is returned to us topped with the interest earned.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can be best described as a place where funds are consolidated by numerous investors. The fund accumulated is invested in one or many asset classes like equity, debt, liquid assets etc.
It carries the tag mutual because all the perils, awards, gains and losses in the invested sum are shared by all the investors in accordance to their contributions.

Difference between Fixed Deposits and Mutual Funds

Rates of Interests:
In case of Fixed deposits, the rate of interests are pre-determined and remain intact during the entire tenure of investment. The rates of interest vary for mutual funds as per the market conditions. In case of an uphill in the market scenario, the benefits of mutual funds surpass those of fixed deposits, as the returns are higher. While a downhill situation in the market renders fixed deposits as the winners in terms of the returns that are offered.

Liquidity:
In case of Fixed deposits, the tenure is fixed, and they offer medium and low liquidity options until you complete the entire tenure of deposit. Mutual Funds offer liquidity to the investors but with certain sets of terms and conditions.
There would be some penalty associated with pre-mature withdrawal of our fixed deposits, hence we would lose a chunk of our expected return. For mutual funds, after the minimum holding period is over the liquidity rate is high. However if we immediately withdraw after we invest that is within a year, then we are liable to pay an exit load cost of 1 percent.

Risk Factor
Fixed deposits are for investors with low risk appetite. However mutual funds are for people with high-risk appetite.

Investment Cost
There are certain costs associated with the mutual funds that we invest in, however fixed deposits do not levy any expense on the investor. The expense incurred depends on the kind of mutual fund that we choose. Liquid funds may have a low expense of up to 1% p.a., debt mutual funds may have anywhere between 0.5% p.a. to 2.25% p.a., and the expense of equity mutual funds may be up to 3% p.a. This expense is adjusted in your returns

Tax Scenario
We would all love to receive more amount of money post the tax returns from our investment
In case of mutual funds, you need not pay any long term capital gain tax on your investment in equity mutual funds However for a short term gain, we need to pay taxes at 15 percent. The gains in long term investment in debt mutual funds are taxed at 20 percent with indexation and 10 percent without indexation. For liquid mutual funds, the tax is as per the tax slab.
Regardless of the tenure in fixed deposits, the interest that is earned in totality is taxable according to the tax slabs.

We have drawn a line of differentiation between Fixed deposits and Mutual funds. Hope this helps you out better with investment plans. Happy investing.

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All posts tagged: fixed deposits

Planning for retirement

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“Retirement” .Do we need to think about it at all? If no, then perhaps now is the time to stop giving a cold shoulder to it.

Being ignorant does not help carve a secure future.

Though we are young and quite able at this stage in our lives. But do we think of times when “un” gets added to our ability.

Reality covering us from all four sides has changed now. We cannot wait till the RIGHT age.

Money control and Money management is imperative and so is wise investment.

We would want to jot down some essential tips that would assist you better with financial planning.

Compounding it is!
One of the strongest instruments in the financial world is compounding.
So how do we go about the process?

Start investing early, even if it is Rs10,000 a month, go for it. Putting in a small amount is okay, what is critical here is the interest that compounds with the passing time.

Also,Save your bucks! Saving is always a great idea to keep. Saving not only for retirement but for other purposes aids at various stages of our lives. The sooner you start saving , the more time your money has to bloom. Pooling in some money for retirement should be your utmost priority. Financial Goal setting is important, however sticking to those goals, and not wavering is even more critical.

It is time to go digital!

Start using an e-wallet!
This has advantages of cash back and it is safer
The flexibility, security and the usability of the wallets have cemented faith in the people using them. You can put an amount as tiny as Rs 10 to Rs10,000.
Convenience blended with rewards incites people to use it again and again.

Sail the boat of Direct mutual funds!
Investing in direct plans of mutual funds renders higher returns. The difference in returns is more pronounced in case of equity funds. In debt funds the the returns are moderate in amount. And the returns are the lowest in liquid funds out of the three.

Swap Fixed Deposits with Debt Funds!!
Safety and Fixed deposits go hand in hand. However when it comes to tax benefits, they are not very efficient. A better path to tread on is Short-term debts, that has the combined credit risk almost equal to FD’s. Though there is not a vast difference on the interest rates generated on short-term debt funds, however the actual return on these is much if they are held for a span of more than three years

Brick a building of buferable cash!
The economic conditions waver like the wind. For example, a hike in prices in the US can subsequently leads to a market fall in India!
Having some cash as buffer, will be handy in such situations. This money can be used to buy at cheap rates and sell at higher rates.

Be wary of Debts/Mortgages!
Being freed of mortgages or any lingering mortgages is a fantastic step towards retirement planning. You do not want to get nightmares of debts when you are greying.

Also lets chart out a plan for someone who is close to us and has just entered his/her retirement phase We will go step by step.
1. Firstly we need to calculate their monthly expenses and needs
2. We then come to her various sources of income
3. Changing their status in the bank is a wise option. Transfer their corpus to a senior citizen savings account. That gets better interest.
4. Get their 15H form signed and deposited at the Bank so TDS in not deduced at source on her FDs. This also reduces agony of chasing for Tax refund.
5. Go for opening a Mutual Fund Folio. Do you know once you have done a KYC with one Mutual fund, it is valid for all investment across all Mutual funds.
6. Divide their portfolio into Four segments
6. 1 Monthly income (if pension is not there or less) – In Fixed Income Mutual funds go for a standing instruction to transfer a fixed sum to their saving account monthly.
6.2 Diversify Equity Mutual funds for long-term steady income
6.3 Invest 10% of the corpus in Blue chip companies
6.4 Build an Emergency fund
7. Activate confirmation emails and SMS on your and their phones
8. Make sure their health insurance plan is secured.
9. Ensure all assets have nominees as per their wish.
10. Make their will

Retirement is the a faraway destination, but we need to cement a path from now to reach there in a financially healthier state.
We hope that our recommendations will help you in deciding clearly and taking informed steps.

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