All posts tagged: how to manage money

All about investing in shares

Can-I-sell-my-limited-company-shares_0

Shares share an important space in the different media of investment such as bonds, cash and property.
Let’s start by defining shares.
Shares are basically miniature snippets of a company. By owning a share, you own a tiny segment of the company, and also a proportion of the company’s value
Research shows that shares have proven to be amazing long-term investments in the financial arena. They usually surpass government bonds, corporate bonds etc.
There are risks associated, but in the longer term, you get rewarded with benefits.
You can choose to purchase shares, or you can invest in mutual funds. Funds essentially buy a set of shares that are monitored and administered by a fund manager.
And when you own a share, then you are a shareholder for that company. This can mean that you have certain rights over the decision making in the company.
So essentially if you have a share with a company, then over the years, the investment value of it increases with the company’s progress and profit making.
Also, there are certain shares that allow you to reap the benefits together with the company. Meaning the profit gets shared with you as dividends.

Owning a share in big and small establishments
In case of fully established and renowned organisations, you get profits as dividends, however the progress is a not a very fast process.
These dividends can be a regular source of income for you, and you can even invest it for further monetary gains. The income that you procure from dividends is taxed at a certain rate.
For smaller organisations, there are usually no dividends. However the growth is better there.
Also if you wish to sell the shares for that company, it doesn’t come easy. It is hard to find buyers, because of the lesser credibility of the company.
Analysing the growth of the company and predicting it accurately is also critical to us.
Big organisations like Infosys have a lot of happy employees owing to their shares in the company. Here the drivers, plumbers, attendants are all millionaires.
In today’s date, around 100 individuals in Infosys are billionaires, and around 2000 of them are millionaires. The management has a habit of rewarding it’s employees over the years for their dedication and hard work. With the progressing organisation the value of shares, and the benefits for shareholders (including the drivers, attendants etc) increased manifolds.

Risks associated with shares
The economic conditions of the company and it’s surroundings determine the boom or downfall of shares. If the share value decreases then the importance of your investment also fades away.
Holding shares in just one organisation is also very risky. You should spread the risk by owning shares in multiple organisations. Diversity is significant here. What if you own shares in only one company, and it drastically witnesses a degradation in it’s value, then you are at the risk of losing all your money.
Also diversifying helps in better returns with more stability.

Buying and selling of shares
If you intend on purchasing or selling of shares, then it is advisable to consult a traditional stockbroker. You can also consult an online broker or a financial adviser. A financial advisor can guide you well on what to buy and what to sell.
We hope you analyse well before investing in a share. Happy Investing!
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All posts tagged: how to manage money

Applying for a Home Loan

sm-6-home-loan-oct5-1_647_092415060251

Financial planning while taking a home causes us to hyperventilate without fail. This is an integral decision in our lives, where we are financially able to get a house of our own, but we dread the debt that follows to get one.
We need to involve ourselves in comprehensive financial planning, tackle debts and control our money efficiently.

We will discuss about few things that can help us in applying for a home loan without any hassle.

1. Firstly to get a home loan, we need to have a decent salary and a secured job. We should be regular with income tax payments and filing of the returns as well. We should also get our form 16 from our employer.

2. It is extremely crucial for us to have a good credit score. In the absence of a good credit score, the financial institution might reject our loan request.We should be prompt in paying our debt on the due date.

3. We need to also keep a check on any other loans that we have applied for and taken. Financial institutions monitor our capability to repay. For example, If we have taken many loans that occupy 50% or more of our salary, then we probably might not be in the state to repay the loans. Hence a balance is advisable.

4. We need to get a mortgage banker involved in the process of selection of loans. There are innumerable loan options provided by the lender, and we at our part have innumerable questions. Having a mortgage banker leads to us making decisions faster with efficacy.

5. As mentioned, financial institutions evaluate our repayment capabilities. the lending instruments will ask us for all the investment data that we have. We would be required to share the details of bank account/s, post office savings schemes, insurance plans, employment details etc. In case we are freelancers or self-employed, then we need to give the bank the details of our income, income tax return, balance sheets , so that they grant a loan.

6. It is very important for us to assess the kind of property that we choose to get a loan for. It may become a little difficult to get the loan sanctioned if the property is a resale property of age 10-15 years. The financial institutions also evaluate the construction stages of the property. The property needs to be dispute free as well. So it is wise to be safer by going for a property that falls under a good record and is on pre-approved list of the banks.

7. While applying for the home loan, we need to be ready with the down payment. Most of the banks give allowance for eighty five percent of your loan. We need to pay the remaining amount as down payment.

8. The repayment time also is an essential factor to contemplate upon. We can choose the time to repay our loan. But while deciding the time limit, we need to consider the fact that a longer period of repayment time will lead to lower EMI’s but higher rates of interest. We also need to consider our age too at the time of repayment. Will that be the right time and will we have the ability to repay at that age? So we need to make the choice accordingly.

9.The financial institutions do not press on the need to have a guarantor. However having a sense of guarantee ,leads to an increment in our credibility.
Also there are cases where in it becomes mandatory for us to have a guarantor. For example, if we are self-employed, or if we are on a transferable job, if our city of purchasing the property varies from the city where we reside etc.
The guarantor could be our friend or family. And he/she takes guarantee in the legal space. But there is criteria for the guarantor. There are age and income standards that are set by the financial institutions, and if they are not fulfilled then the person can not be a guarantor.
In case we become delinquent, and we are unable to pay back. Then it is our guarantor’s responsibility to repay the loan.

10. If we apply for a certain loan amount, and it is not getting sanctioned, then we can choose to apply for the loan with our spouse. The chances of getting approval increases.

11. Having an appraiser in place helps all the parties aware that you are paying a reasonable price. The financial institutions arrange for an appraiser who essays the role of a third party. The appraiser evaluates and gives an estimate of the value of the house that we intend on buying.

At the stage of closing the process, there is certain paperwork that we need to get done with. It takes a few days for the lender to fund your loan after the completion of paperwork.

Our intention was to draw your attention towards certain basic but crucial points that are required in the home loan process. Hope this article helped! Happy Buying! .

All posts tagged: how to manage money

How to Repair Your Credit Score?

Credit score

Before conversing about fixing damages to the credit score. Let us talk about a good credit score. We often ignore credit score while applying for loans, and many of us unaware of the low score, until the lender rejects our application and informs us.

We should not turn a deaf ear towards our credit score; instead we should monitor it regularly.

What is the Credit score and why is it so important?

So essentially a credit score represents a person’s creditworthiness when he/she asks for a loan. A person’s credit score is determined by the person’s repayment behavior and credit history, and the creditworthiness is constructed around that. The credit agencies maintain a database of credit standings of individuals and commercial entities. The score ranges between 300- 900. Score of 750 and above is considered to be a good score. There are four agencies that are permitted to maintain this database. They are CIBIL, Equifax, Experien, and CRIF highmark.

Why is the score so important?

With a huge array of financial institutions you might feel that money is easily accessible, but this is not the case. The risks associated with lending have always been considered high and it is necessary for the institution to ensure that it’s lending to right person. Hence, the financial instruments rely on criteria that decide whether you deserve the loan or not. Here is where Credit score shines brightly. It is usually the decision making point for lenders to give or to not give the loan to the borrower. Hence it is important for you to maintain a good credit score, and work towards improving if it is low.

What makes a good credit score.?

The credit score, amongst many things, looks at these critical parameters:-

  • 1. Repayment history
  • 2. Loan enquiries and status
  • 3. Loan to income ratio
  • 4. Length of the credit history
There are no short cuts to improving credit scores. The best way is to administer and manage it over time. And gradually things will fall in the right place.

Let’s focus on some things that we can do to better our low credit scores

  • 1. Stop asking for a new credit – If you are aware that your credit score is poor, you should not apply for a loan at multiple banks. The more inquiries the lender puts into your credit score, the lower it goes. You need to be patient till the time you obtain the suitable score.
  • 2. Lessen the debt quotient in your kitty – You should meticulously chart out the credit accounts that you have out of your credit report. You need to stop using credit cards for this situation. Make a budgetary plan, and direct your expenses towards the higher rate interest credit cards first.
  • 3. Keep your repayment balanced: Well it sounds quirky, however repayment does affect your CIBIL score badly. So in this scenario if you drastically pay off all your repayments at once, then this portrays instability in your financial records. Repayments as a process should take place gradually thus reflecting monetary stability and rendering positivity to your CIBIL score.
  • 4. Set up reminders for Payment: We are so caught up in our routines, that we hardly have a breathing space. But we need to be alert, and sensible when it comes to financial planning and decisioning. Some financial institutions offer payment reminders through their online banking portals that can send you an email or text message telling you about the due date. Also there are automatic payments through your credit cards, wherein if you enroll, then payments are automatically deducted from your account and gets received by the lenders.
  • 5. Be vigilant of any sort of mismatches in your credit reports: It is advisable to leave no stone unturned. Sometimes bank authorities can across erroneous entries to CIBIL. So in such case scenarios, you need to approach banks to rectify the mistakes. Also you need to make sure that all the data on positive and timely payments is recorded and submitted by your lender to CIBIL
  • 6. Use your credit judiciously: Whenever you make use of your credit, then you should analyze the credit utilization ratio. This ratio is of amount of credit you have used to the amount if credit available as balance. If you have numerous credit cards, and you use only one of them, then your credit score may get negatively impacted. Hence you need to be smarter and spread your spends over numerous credit cards and not just one.
  • 7. You need to create credit history if you do not have one: For first-timers, there is an absence of credit history. Lenders might hesitate to give them a loan, owing to their zero credit score. So what you can do is open up a fixed deposit and take a credit card against it. And once you have one in your hand, then you can work towards it and improve the credit score.

We recommend you to check the credit score before applying for any loan to ensure that there are no issues in the credit history. Even if there are any, make sure you get them rectified by the agencies before applying for the loan. Our aim for writing this out was to make you understand the importance of a good credit history, and we hope that you take smarter steps towards financial goals.

Image Source:Credit.com

All posts tagged: how to manage money

Money Management Apps

Money Management apps

Who doesn’t want a peaceful night’s sleep? But we do not always get what we want. We know for a fact that money matters, but money matters hound us in our sleep.

We have to essay the role of a smart money manager. Balanced budget is a must. But it is not as easy as it sounds. With our minds and finances in multiple places, it becomes formidable task to keep a track of money.

Going through uncountable paperwork and doing mathematics on the receipts is a cumbersome task. This leads to a haywire budget management, and we dread the day of budgeting.

The ultimate resolve to this is going digital. Technology has embedded deeply in our professional and personal life. And it is Technology that helps us solve most of the obstacles in our lives.

The tech masters have devised several apps that aid in budgetary planning, and taking smart financial decisions

We will list down some of the coolest money management apps that fix the financial fixes.
  • MTRAKR – This app helps in managing wealth and keeping a track on what we earn and what we spend. And as the name suggests, the tracking system here helps us to get rid of extensive paperwork. You don’t have to fret over having more than one bank account. This helps in managing multiple bank accounts. It is built beautifully, and has segregated categories of food, utilities etc. People with no finance background or zero bank knowledge can also tap this app with ease. It is fully automated and does not ask for any sort of bank passwords.
  • My Tax India – Calculating and saving tax, taking into account investments and other deductions is a complex task. Here is where My tax India becomes your saviour. It systematically calculates the amount of tax that you need to pay, and you can try out various settings to figure out the optimum level of investment that we need to make. It is user-friendly, and you do not need to be a maestro in finance to use it. So, at the time of tax filing you know what to expect, and you act accordingly. Otherwise you are left baffled with very less time to think through.
  • Wally – Wally is another expense tracker in the digital arena, it keeps a check on your expenses and keeps the spends stacked in categories. One very interesting feature is that it uses your location and categorises the venue, leaving you with very little work. All you need to do is fill in the expenses. Another feature is it’s ability to scan the receipts, relieving you of the stress to type in financial details . You get notified every time you reach a savings goal. Money Management is a much easier task now. We can direct our expenses accordingly.
  • Mint – So Mint basically integrates all your card and bank accounts while keeping an eye on your earnings, spends and savings. This gives in an in-depth analysis of your finances. This is one of the coolest Money Managers in the digital space.
  • Officetime – This is an intriguing application. It is for office goers for whom time is money. It helps you in analysing how productive your time is, and how you can use it more efficiently. This also helps you keep a track on your spends, and generates invoices for expense reimbursements.
  • Homebudget– As the name suggests this application apart from having a beautiful look and feel, creates a beautiful balance in the finances for your family members. It helps you to split bills with your spouse or family members by coordinating efficiently . It also helps working professionals to keep a tab on their multiple income sources.
  • Splitswise – You like going out, partying, or having dinner with your friends? Then this is the app apt for you. This is extremely useful in splitting the expenses. Splitswise, divides the cost systematically if there is a group with joint expenses and it gets tough to split expenses. This is a user-friendly app, and is very popular amongst youth.
  • Digilocker – This app is extremely handy to align and stack your financial documents Starting from your PAN card, Income Tax returns to other Bank documents, Digilocker manages all the confidential documents in an ordered fashion In short DigiLocker acts as the superhero in disguise.
So what are you waiting for? Tap the app that suits your needs.
Image Source:telegraph.co.uk

All posts tagged: how to manage money

Wise Investment

wise investment

Investing your hard earned savings seems a difficult task , but in reality it is not. You you don’t have to be rich to start investing. The key principle is to Start small and start early.

If we focus on the right path to investment, then we would be amused to see the amount that we save in a very short time. It is mind-boggling to see everyone around me spending a considerable time before buying a mobile phone, car or even grocery. But when It comes to investment , the most significant decision of our lives(financially), we just go about it without giving much thought to it.

Hence we want to talk about how investment can be prioritised in the right fashion, and we have the following to explain just that.

7 pillars to build a wise long term investment portfolio:-

  • 1. Put up a road map together: and answer two significant questions: a) How long do want to remain invested for? b) What’s your risk appetite?
  • 2. Diversify your investments: The investors falling in the category of high risk takers, also plan investment by diversifying their portfolio. This is important not to invest everything into a single basket or instrument class.
  • 3. It is imperative to Plan for long term and avoid the temptation of short term gains.
  • 4. Never invest in something that you do not fully/partially understand. Research well to understand and then invest accordingly.
  • 5. Invest to save tax : You can save tax by investing under section 80 C. The maximum amount that can be invested is 1.50 lakh, and this means your income gets reduced by this investment amount. So you are exempted to pay tax on this amount. Also the invested amount increases in a period of time. So it is a win-win situation for you.
  • 6. Investment should be your first priority, and it should begin with the initial sum of money, and not with the leftover amount. Practicing this as a habit will help you clearly evaluate the difference, and you will be surprised to see the funds that are actually available for you to spend.
  • 7. Every Rupee costs: don’t let go off a single rupee. Do not fall fall pray to exotic schemes and keep your portfolio very simple. Try to look for the extra yield that many banks offer such as the superior returns on saving as compared to others that don’t. Saving is as simple as spending. If you intend to do it then just follow it like you follow your daily rituals.

We are listing down some wise saving options for the young working population:

ELSS: (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) is a diversified equity mutual fund which is qualified for tax exemption under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ELSS is a good option to invest in, because the investor has the opportunity to invest in equity markets as well apart from getting benefits of tax deduction. Also, ELSS has the shortest lock- in period of three years as compared to other tax saving options.

Mutual Funds: Mutual funds are diverse in nature.. They are broadly divided into Equities, Debts and Balance funds. Here the money is pooled in by investors in many bonds, stocks and other types of investment. It also gives you the access to investment professionals who expertise to manage your funds in the best way possible So owning shares in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds the risks get spread out. Diversification ensures that a loss in a particular investment gets nullified by gain in another

ULIP’s: ULIP or Unit Linked insurance plan is a life insurance product that provides the risk cover to the policy holder accompanied by the option to invest for long term. Recurring Deposit : The concept is fairly simple. You can allocate a fixed amount of money every month as deposit with a bank for a period that you specify. This will push you to save and invest on regular basis thus securing your future.

PPF :- The Public Provident Fund has been established by the central government. Any individual can open a PPF account with any nationalised bank or its branches that handle PPF accounts. The minimum amount to be deposited in this account is Rs 500 per year. The maximum amount you can deposit every year is Rs 100,000. The entire balance can be withdrawn upon maturity i.e after 15 years of the close of financial year . The rate of interest is decided upon the government every year. Currently the rate of interest and principle is exempted from tax at the time of deposit and withdrawal.

We hope that this article helps you out in thinking better and planning wisely. Happy Investing!

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All posts tagged: how to manage money

Common Money Management Mistakes, Freshers commit in their Early Years

Money-mistakes Many young adults in their 20-30s make money mistakes due to lack of complete knowledge, resulting in serious blunders further. It is important to understand their finances, and keep a proper tab on it. Check out these 5 common money management mistakes freshers wish they realized in their Early years. (more…)