All posts tagged: investment plans

All about investing in shares

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Shares share an important space in the different media of investment such as bonds, cash and property.
Let’s start by defining shares.
Shares are basically miniature snippets of a company. By owning a share, you own a tiny segment of the company, and also a proportion of the company’s value
Research shows that shares have proven to be amazing long-term investments in the financial arena. They usually surpass government bonds, corporate bonds etc.
There are risks associated, but in the longer term, you get rewarded with benefits.
You can choose to purchase shares, or you can invest in mutual funds. Funds essentially buy a set of shares that are monitored and administered by a fund manager.
And when you own a share, then you are a shareholder for that company. This can mean that you have certain rights over the decision making in the company.
So essentially if you have a share with a company, then over the years, the investment value of it increases with the company’s progress and profit making.
Also, there are certain shares that allow you to reap the benefits together with the company. Meaning the profit gets shared with you as dividends.

Owning a share in big and small establishments
In case of fully established and renowned organisations, you get profits as dividends, however the progress is a not a very fast process.
These dividends can be a regular source of income for you, and you can even invest it for further monetary gains. The income that you procure from dividends is taxed at a certain rate.
For smaller organisations, there are usually no dividends. However the growth is better there.
Also if you wish to sell the shares for that company, it doesn’t come easy. It is hard to find buyers, because of the lesser credibility of the company.
Analysing the growth of the company and predicting it accurately is also critical to us.
Big organisations like Infosys have a lot of happy employees owing to their shares in the company. Here the drivers, plumbers, attendants are all millionaires.
In today’s date, around 100 individuals in Infosys are billionaires, and around 2000 of them are millionaires. The management has a habit of rewarding it’s employees over the years for their dedication and hard work. With the progressing organisation the value of shares, and the benefits for shareholders (including the drivers, attendants etc) increased manifolds.

Risks associated with shares
The economic conditions of the company and it’s surroundings determine the boom or downfall of shares. If the share value decreases then the importance of your investment also fades away.
Holding shares in just one organisation is also very risky. You should spread the risk by owning shares in multiple organisations. Diversity is significant here. What if you own shares in only one company, and it drastically witnesses a degradation in it’s value, then you are at the risk of losing all your money.
Also diversifying helps in better returns with more stability.

Buying and selling of shares
If you intend on purchasing or selling of shares, then it is advisable to consult a traditional stockbroker. You can also consult an online broker or a financial adviser. A financial advisor can guide you well on what to buy and what to sell.
We hope you analyse well before investing in a share. Happy Investing!
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All posts tagged: investment plans

Fixed Deposits Versus Mutual Funds

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In our financial space, we come to a state, where we have sufficient funds, and we wish to invest a chunk of it for future plans and goals.
Two very popularly used media for investment are Fixed deposits and Mutual Funds. We will distinguish between the two after we define them properly.

Fixed Deposits
Here we deposit money in a bank for a specific period of time that ranges from 7 days to 10 years. The amount invested earns an interest based on the tenure of deposition. It can be as high as 9% per annum(varies according to the banks and it’s schemes). After the tenure ends, the money is returned to us topped with the interest earned.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can be best described as a place where funds are consolidated by numerous investors. The fund accumulated is invested in one or many asset classes like equity, debt, liquid assets etc.
It carries the tag mutual because all the perils, awards, gains and losses in the invested sum are shared by all the investors in accordance to their contributions.

Difference between Fixed Deposits and Mutual Funds

Rates of Interests:
In case of Fixed deposits, the rate of interests are pre-determined and remain intact during the entire tenure of investment. The rates of interest vary for mutual funds as per the market conditions. In case of an uphill in the market scenario, the benefits of mutual funds surpass those of fixed deposits, as the returns are higher. While a downhill situation in the market renders fixed deposits as the winners in terms of the returns that are offered.

Liquidity:
In case of Fixed deposits, the tenure is fixed, and they offer medium and low liquidity options until you complete the entire tenure of deposit. Mutual Funds offer liquidity to the investors but with certain sets of terms and conditions.
There would be some penalty associated with pre-mature withdrawal of our fixed deposits, hence we would lose a chunk of our expected return. For mutual funds, after the minimum holding period is over the liquidity rate is high. However if we immediately withdraw after we invest that is within a year, then we are liable to pay an exit load cost of 1 percent.

Risk Factor
Fixed deposits are for investors with low risk appetite. However mutual funds are for people with high-risk appetite.

Investment Cost
There are certain costs associated with the mutual funds that we invest in, however fixed deposits do not levy any expense on the investor. The expense incurred depends on the kind of mutual fund that we choose. Liquid funds may have a low expense of up to 1% p.a., debt mutual funds may have anywhere between 0.5% p.a. to 2.25% p.a., and the expense of equity mutual funds may be up to 3% p.a. This expense is adjusted in your returns

Tax Scenario
We would all love to receive more amount of money post the tax returns from our investment
In case of mutual funds, you need not pay any long term capital gain tax on your investment in equity mutual funds However for a short term gain, we need to pay taxes at 15 percent. The gains in long term investment in debt mutual funds are taxed at 20 percent with indexation and 10 percent without indexation. For liquid mutual funds, the tax is as per the tax slab.
Regardless of the tenure in fixed deposits, the interest that is earned in totality is taxable according to the tax slabs.

We have drawn a line of differentiation between Fixed deposits and Mutual funds. Hope this helps you out better with investment plans. Happy investing.

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Common Money Management Mistakes Fresher’s Commit in their Early Years

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While you are young, you do not really realize the role that money plays in your life in latter stages. So it becomes imperative to realize that there is a balance in money management that we need to attain.

Just entering into the shoes of an employee makes you see the world with a different view altogether. You have a different take on everything. Stepping out of your comfort zone to a ground of exposure makes you cringe with anxiety at times. Because financial responsibility now is yours to take care of.

We want to list down some basic yet important thumb rules that you should follow at early stages to plan better in finances.

  • 1. Keep a check on your purchases: Money is yours. Direct your expenses and control your money. Do it either the offline or online way, but do it. Try your hands on excel sheet, or manage money with one of the money management apps. It makes life easier with lesser roadblocks. Be systematic, and assess the costs that spread across areas of essentials and non-essentials.
  • 2. Always build some emergency fund. It is imperative for us to have some financial aid, in case of an emergency. Try keeping aside a small portion of your savings for this section. Parting away from money is painful, but this money will be your friend in need during the unavoidable crisis
  • 3. Steer clear of debts: Debts do become our part of lives, at some point or the other. But it is necessary to keep a check on the debt pile. It should not accumulate enough to push us in the debt trap. Be wary of what you borrow. Borrow but repay on time. Don’t be habitual in using the credit card every now and then, if you cannot repay on time. This just builds pressure that is uncalled for.
  • 4. Shake hands with Tax management: Even though you are in your primitive years of earning, tax management is an art to master. The sooner you come to terms with it, the better it is for your later life. Evaluating the money that gets pumped in by tax machines, helps us to list better our expenses for duties , necessities and obligations.
  • 5. Resort to common sense and practicality: Be pragmatic about your needs and wants. For example wait for a while till the gadget in your wish list becomes cheaper instead of buying it right away. Opt for facilities that are free, instead of going out of the way to splurge on non-necessities. This does not imply that you need to compromise on your basic needs, but this just means that avoid extravagant expenditure. Especially the one that is easy to evade.
You have just embarked upon your professional journey, and we would want to wish you luck for all your endeavours. We want you to enjoy, learn and grow more to become financially able and stable. Happy Earning!
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How to Handle Finances Right After Marriage?

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Youngsters before marriage find themselves perplexed when finances are being spoken of.

There is an absence of savings or a very much required emergency fund. Since their money management habits are haywire,it becomes essential that they get improved and systematic after marriage.

If the financial loopholes are not taken care of , then these become one of the biggest obstacles for both the individuals.

We would want to talk about some simple yet essential measures that can help you out during this phase of your life, Hence,we have jotted down some significant points of financial management after marriage. Have a look. Some ways to handle finances after marriage:-

  • 1. Plan for the uncertainties: – Even if you are stable in your careers and have a good salary, you both need to have a structured financial element in mind. Emergency won’t knock the door and come. Couples today are not really equipped to combat these emergencies, and are under constant stress. Unexpected illnesses, accidents, layoffs can cause a great deal of pain, and hence it is advisable to save a share of your salary over a period of time. This certainty helps to deal with the uncertainty in a much better way.
  • 2. Smart Spending and Smarter Investing : When you are married, you both need to be accountable for what you spend and invest. Spending is inevitable, as it is the simplest answer to both necessities and wants. You cannot blame the other person for the spending. The bottomline is both of you spend, but on different things, and hence there is a need to set a budget.It is required that both of you get on the same page, and focus clearly on the lines of investment. Be it Investing for next year or for retirement , investment planning is the need of the hour. There are many ways of investment for long and short run both. Seeking professional advise also helps.
  • 3. Set achievable financial goals: Having a foresight helps. Deviate from your monotonous life for once, and give considerable thoughts to life after 5 , 10 or 20 years. Anybody can earn money. But judicious usage of money is an art to learn. You just don’t want to walk on a path, there has to be set destinations. You should chart out your career dreams, lifelong goals, financial expectations together and set time to achieve and fulfil them. Summarising the important and less important ones and then prioritising them is the right course of action.
  • 4. Combining or Not combining accounts: So while planning finances, the question of having a joint account or a separate one arises.

    Both the options are working models. Let’s talk about them in detail.

    a)Separate accounts: – When you keep money totally separate, everything(rent, mortgages, necessities etc) has to be split . Also you need to evaluate what you spend, be careful of not spending too extravagantly, as the entire monetary responsibility shifts its weight towards your partner. Also, you need to plan to spend from each account to gain the tax benefits on Home loans, EMI, Investment Proof etc.

    b)Joint Account – In this case, you would put money in a single basket, and use it to pay off and spend. However this requires financial coordination and a mutual agreement on expenditures. You need to get to the common grounds of spending, because if there is a lot of deviation in spending patterns, then there is a lot of room for monetary imbalance and arguments.
  • 5. Checking Financial history – It is important for you to discuss financial history with your spouse and vice versa. Being aware of the financial history, such as the use and number of credit cards, credit scores, way of spending paints a clearer financial picture. So in case one of you has a poor credit score, then having a joint account becomes is not a smooth decision to make. So decision making is highly influenced by financial arrangement of both individuals.

    Managing Debts and Saving: It is good to combine accounts when the debts are cleared off in single or both accounts.

    Saving after the wedding is definitely a good idea, but saving before is essential too. We suggest you to open up a savings account before marriage for setting money goals beforehand and having a vision of future expenses. Both the individuals should invest a portion of their combined income after marriage, and let the account grow. I hope we have helped you in making better decisions. Happy Wedding !
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All posts tagged: investment plans

Wise Investment

wise investment

Investing your hard earned savings seems a difficult task , but in reality it is not. You you don’t have to be rich to start investing. The key principle is to Start small and start early.

If we focus on the right path to investment, then we would be amused to see the amount that we save in a very short time. It is mind-boggling to see everyone around me spending a considerable time before buying a mobile phone, car or even grocery. But when It comes to investment , the most significant decision of our lives(financially), we just go about it without giving much thought to it.

Hence we want to talk about how investment can be prioritised in the right fashion, and we have the following to explain just that.

7 pillars to build a wise long term investment portfolio:-

  • 1. Put up a road map together: and answer two significant questions: a) How long do want to remain invested for? b) What’s your risk appetite?
  • 2. Diversify your investments: The investors falling in the category of high risk takers, also plan investment by diversifying their portfolio. This is important not to invest everything into a single basket or instrument class.
  • 3. It is imperative to Plan for long term and avoid the temptation of short term gains.
  • 4. Never invest in something that you do not fully/partially understand. Research well to understand and then invest accordingly.
  • 5. Invest to save tax : You can save tax by investing under section 80 C. The maximum amount that can be invested is 1.50 lakh, and this means your income gets reduced by this investment amount. So you are exempted to pay tax on this amount. Also the invested amount increases in a period of time. So it is a win-win situation for you.
  • 6. Investment should be your first priority, and it should begin with the initial sum of money, and not with the leftover amount. Practicing this as a habit will help you clearly evaluate the difference, and you will be surprised to see the funds that are actually available for you to spend.
  • 7. Every Rupee costs: don’t let go off a single rupee. Do not fall fall pray to exotic schemes and keep your portfolio very simple. Try to look for the extra yield that many banks offer such as the superior returns on saving as compared to others that don’t. Saving is as simple as spending. If you intend to do it then just follow it like you follow your daily rituals.

We are listing down some wise saving options for the young working population:

ELSS: (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) is a diversified equity mutual fund which is qualified for tax exemption under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ELSS is a good option to invest in, because the investor has the opportunity to invest in equity markets as well apart from getting benefits of tax deduction. Also, ELSS has the shortest lock- in period of three years as compared to other tax saving options.

Mutual Funds: Mutual funds are diverse in nature.. They are broadly divided into Equities, Debts and Balance funds. Here the money is pooled in by investors in many bonds, stocks and other types of investment. It also gives you the access to investment professionals who expertise to manage your funds in the best way possible So owning shares in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds the risks get spread out. Diversification ensures that a loss in a particular investment gets nullified by gain in another

ULIP’s: ULIP or Unit Linked insurance plan is a life insurance product that provides the risk cover to the policy holder accompanied by the option to invest for long term. Recurring Deposit : The concept is fairly simple. You can allocate a fixed amount of money every month as deposit with a bank for a period that you specify. This will push you to save and invest on regular basis thus securing your future.

PPF :- The Public Provident Fund has been established by the central government. Any individual can open a PPF account with any nationalised bank or its branches that handle PPF accounts. The minimum amount to be deposited in this account is Rs 500 per year. The maximum amount you can deposit every year is Rs 100,000. The entire balance can be withdrawn upon maturity i.e after 15 years of the close of financial year . The rate of interest is decided upon the government every year. Currently the rate of interest and principle is exempted from tax at the time of deposit and withdrawal.

We hope that this article helps you out in thinking better and planning wisely. Happy Investing!

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All posts tagged: investment plans

How do I allocate my Salary?

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Being at the point of time in our lives, where we finally feel financially able is enthralling. However, it is imperative to not go overboard on spending, and channelize our monetary resources.

We make numerous mistakes during this phase of our lives like we spend more than we earn.
This pushes us in a deep pit of financial fixes.
Hence, a steady income needs a steady management.

Striking the right balance between what we earn and what we save impacts our future positively and reduces the possibility of cash crunches.

But the most common question is “ How do we go about it it? How to distribute our salary for expenses and save?”
So having a financial plan in picture is a always a good sign. Below is one such plan that can help us in resolving the issue.

The Boon of Budgetary Planning: –

Having a well-schemed budget is as necessary as breathing and it is just the half battle won. Our pockets empty faster than they fill. They forever bear the “Low on cash” Tag

This efficacy of the plan lies in how we divide our expenditure into duties, obligations and splurges. At the end of the day, we earn to spend but we need to spend right.

So we should draw a plan that broadly classifies our division of expenditure into the following: –

Savings:-
Having a foresight for the future helps us guard our money better. The maestros of investment suggest that “Do not save what is left after spending, but spend what is left after saving”

We should dedicate 20 percent of our salary towards investments for future. Also savings should not be just confined to the walls of emergencies, savings can also be for planning our future better. This holds true, especially when the tax rates surge higher with passing time.We do not want to be like the sitting ducks to the taxing alligators. Regular and planned investment, eases the financial burden over a period of time, Gradually with this scheme of action, you won’t even realize the substantial chunk of funds that are left in your kitty.

Routine lifestyle expenses: –

Allot a good 50 percent towards your household finances. These finances are unavoidable and necessary. From rent to electricity bill, timely payment is essential. Plan your lifestyle in a way such that the expenses towards it do not surpass the allotted percentage.

For example: – Going overboard with the usage of electrical appliances or unnecessary wastage of power can render mammoth sized bills. So it is advisable to monitor and regulate the use.

Food and Clothing

Both of these fall in the “can’t live without category”, so we cannot really compromise. However what is in our hands is wise spending.

If we invest cautiously , we can have a good share of funds to choose from our favourite brand of garments.

Debt/Loans

Repayment should be one of your top priorities. Dilly-dallying the repayment, will only increase the burden on your shoulders and make them droop to the monetary pressure. Also, it spoils the credit score which in turn reduces your chance of accessing loan in the future.

The debts and dues need to be dutifully cleared. So a 25 percent should be allotted for this.

Recreational Purposes:-

Now you will still be left with some money, you can pamper yourself with some shopping sprees , binge eating and partying.

Because who wants a life filled with blues and greys . We believe “Jab jeb ho full toh Life Colourful”
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