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Education Loans

Graduate Piggy Bank

Quality and Quantity seem to come hand in hand. In present scenario, quality education burns a hole in the pockets of parents because of the huge quantity of fees charged for it.
Education loans offered by numerous financial institutions are a boon to the vast sea of students. Students can breathe a sigh of relief with the numerous loan options served across to them, choosing their careers is easier now.
Parents also can be complacent about the fact that they have a monetary pillar to recline on. However there are some factors that we need to be vigilant about.

  • 1. Your educational institution is looked at with a microscope before a loan can be granted. The colleges that offer good placement opportunities are given a green signal. The educational institutions that are not well recognized are given low priority for giving out loans.
  • 2. The CIBIL score for both parents and students is one of the key factors that leads to an approval or disapproval of the education loan. The credit history needs to be up to the mark, and there should be no traces of regular defaults. This holds integral for students, who have just entered college and also have started working. These youngsters might apply for various credit cards with a low repayment capacity resulting into a disrupted CIBIL score. For the parents who are the guarantors, it is imperative to have a good credit score.They are the ones who guarantee the repayment of the loan.
  • 3. Your academic performance also one of the deciding factors for the lenders to grant you a loan. So if you do not fit in the eligibility criteria that the financial institution possesses, then your loan request might be rejected. The banks/financial institution thinks that you would fall in the category of a non-performer and not earn enough to repay.
  • 4. The type of course that you have applied for ascertains the loan approval. If the loan is for a part-time course, then chances are that the bank might reject your loan application. Financial institutions/banks approve loans that are meant for a full-time course abroad or in the same country.
  • 5. The income of your parents is a crucial factor that can turn the tables. Since your parents essay the role of guarantors, and if you fail to repay the loan, then it is on them to repay the amount. If it is fairly low, then the lending institution will not hesitate to disapprove your loan request.
  • 6. Financial institutions do not rely on “Age No bar”. There is a certain age limit upto which loans can be approved and that is 30 years.
  • 7. Whenever you take a loan of more than 7.5 lakhs, then it is necessary to have a collateral and joint borrower in place. If you are unable to provide these, then you might get the loan disapproved. Having a collateral in place, gives a sense of guarantee to the lending elements. They feel that they can recover the amount loaned in case of failed repayment. For an amount lesser than 4 lakhs, you are not required to have a collateral in place. However even such an amount necessitates the involvement of a guardian/parent.
Taking loans for education that is a step taken in many people’s lives. Hence we wanted you to be aware of the obstacles that might come in future planning and career decisioning. Being cautious will help you in better financial planning and control of money.
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Money Management Tips for Freshers

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While you are young, you do not really realize the role that money plays in your life in latter stages. So it becomes imperative to realize that there is a balance in money management that we need to attain.

Just entering into the shoes of an employee makes you see the world with a different view altogether. You have a different take on everything. Stepping out of your comfort zone to a ground of exposure makes you cringe with anxiety at times. Because financial responsibility now is yours to take care of.

We want to list down some basic yet important thumb rules that you should follow at early stages to plan better in finances.

  • 1. Keep a check on your purchases: Money is yours. Direct your expenses and control your money. Do it either the offline or online way, but do it. Try your hands on excel sheet, or manage money with one of the money management apps. It makes life easier with lesser roadblocks. Be systematic, and assess the costs that spread across areas of essentials and non-essentials.
  • 2. Always build some emergency fund. It is imperative for us to have some financial aid, in case of an emergency. Try keeping aside a small portion of your savings for this section. Parting away from money is painful, but this money will be your friend in need during the unavoidable crisis
  • 3. Steer clear of debts: Debts do become our part of lives, at some point or the other. But it is necessary to keep a check on the debt pile. It should not accumulate enough to push us in the debt trap. Be wary of what you borrow. Borrow but repay on time. Don’t be habitual in using the credit card every now and then, if you cannot repay on time. This just builds pressure that is uncalled for.
  • 4. Shake hands with Tax management: Even though you are in your primitive years of earning, tax management is an art to master. The sooner you come to terms with it, the better it is for your later life. Evaluating the money that gets pumped in by tax machines, helps us to list better our expenses for duties , necessities and obligations.
  • 5. Resort to common sense and practicality: Be pragmatic about your needs and wants. For example wait for a while till the gadget in your wish list becomes cheaper instead of buying it right away. Opt for facilities that are free, instead of going out of the way to splurge on non-necessities. This does not imply that you need to compromise on your basic needs, but this just means that avoid extravagant expenditure. Especially the one that is easy to evade.
You have just embarked upon your professional journey, and we would want to wish you luck for all your endeavours. We want you to enjoy, learn and grow more to become financially able and stable. Happy Earning!
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Applying for a Home Loan

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Financial planning while taking a home causes us to hyperventilate without fail. This is an integral decision in our lives, where we are financially able to get a house of our own, but we dread the debt that follows to get one.
We need to involve ourselves in comprehensive financial planning, tackle debts and control our money efficiently.

We will discuss about few things that can help us in applying for a home loan without any hassle.

1. Firstly to get a home loan, we need to have a decent salary and a secured job. We should be regular with income tax payments and filing of the returns as well. We should also get our form 16 from our employer.

2. It is extremely crucial for us to have a good credit score. In the absence of a good credit score, the financial institution might reject our loan request.We should be prompt in paying our debt on the due date.

3. We need to also keep a check on any other loans that we have applied for and taken. Financial institutions monitor our capability to repay. For example, If we have taken many loans that occupy 50% or more of our salary, then we probably might not be in the state to repay the loans. Hence a balance is advisable.

4. We need to get a mortgage banker involved in the process of selection of loans. There are innumerable loan options provided by the lender, and we at our part have innumerable questions. Having a mortgage banker leads to us making decisions faster with efficacy.

5. As mentioned, financial institutions evaluate our repayment capabilities. the lending instruments will ask us for all the investment data that we have. We would be required to share the details of bank account/s, post office savings schemes, insurance plans, employment details etc. In case we are freelancers or self-employed, then we need to give the bank the details of our income, income tax return, balance sheets , so that they grant a loan.

6. It is very important for us to assess the kind of property that we choose to get a loan for. It may become a little difficult to get the loan sanctioned if the property is a resale property of age 10-15 years. The financial institutions also evaluate the construction stages of the property. The property needs to be dispute free as well. So it is wise to be safer by going for a property that falls under a good record and is on pre-approved list of the banks.

7. While applying for the home loan, we need to be ready with the down payment. Most of the banks give allowance for eighty five percent of your loan. We need to pay the remaining amount as down payment.

8. The repayment time also is an essential factor to contemplate upon. We can choose the time to repay our loan. But while deciding the time limit, we need to consider the fact that a longer period of repayment time will lead to lower EMI’s but higher rates of interest. We also need to consider our age too at the time of repayment. Will that be the right time and will we have the ability to repay at that age? So we need to make the choice accordingly.

9.The financial institutions do not press on the need to have a guarantor. However having a sense of guarantee ,leads to an increment in our credibility.
Also there are cases where in it becomes mandatory for us to have a guarantor. For example, if we are self-employed, or if we are on a transferable job, if our city of purchasing the property varies from the city where we reside etc.
The guarantor could be our friend or family. And he/she takes guarantee in the legal space. But there is criteria for the guarantor. There are age and income standards that are set by the financial institutions, and if they are not fulfilled then the person can not be a guarantor.
In case we become delinquent, and we are unable to pay back. Then it is our guarantor’s responsibility to repay the loan.

10. If we apply for a certain loan amount, and it is not getting sanctioned, then we can choose to apply for the loan with our spouse. The chances of getting approval increases.

11. Having an appraiser in place helps all the parties aware that you are paying a reasonable price. The financial institutions arrange for an appraiser who essays the role of a third party. The appraiser evaluates and gives an estimate of the value of the house that we intend on buying.

At the stage of closing the process, there is certain paperwork that we need to get done with. It takes a few days for the lender to fund your loan after the completion of paperwork.

Our intention was to draw your attention towards certain basic but crucial points that are required in the home loan process. Hope this article helped! Happy Buying! .

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Unsecured Versus Secured Loans

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One of the most common questions that we ask ourselves is “What kind of loan do I opt for?”
We take baby steps towards Loans. Loans are like those tricky questions in our exams, where we have to meditate hard to make the right choice.
Deciding upon which loans to take depends upon numerous parameters such as whether you want to take up a house or cater to your your child’s education or go on a vacation.

Taking loans is a financial commitment, and by agreeing for it, you are basically agreeing to pay a fixed part of your salary till your loan is repaid.
Loans can be majorly categorised into unsecured and secured loans. Sit back and read on further to know about these loans.

Secured Loans:- These loans are guarded by an asset or a collateral Through secured loans, you can get a huge sum of money. Putting your house or your car is a good enough security against the loan taken. Secured loans offer lower rates of interests, higher borrowing limits and longer repayment terms as compared to unsecured loans. The lender has the right to take you asset incase you become delinquent. Also if the selling price does not cover the debt, then the lender can pursue you to settle the difference in amount.

Some examples of Secured Loans are
1. Mortgage wherein your house is taken as security against your loan
2. Auto Loan: Here your vehicle is taken as security against your loan

The perks of Secured loans:-
Cost:- Secured loans are less expensive as compared to Unsecured loans.
Easy Accessibility – Secured loans can be obtained even if your credit score is bad. The lender can seize property incase of failure in repayment.
Tax deduction on interest:– The interest paid on the loans such as mortgage is tax deductible.

The downfalls:-
Losing your assets – You can lose a valuable asset, however the lender loses zero.

Unsecured Loans:- Here you do not have to give the right to your assets to the lender. Lenders are more prone to risks here.
When you apply for an unsecured loan, the loan gets sanctioned by the user on the basis of repayment capability. The borrower is judged on certain parameters such as credit history, capital, collateral , borrower’s current financial situation as well as prevalent economic factors) . His/her character is also taken into consideration to convert decisions to actions.

Some examples of Unsecured Loans are
1.Credit Cards
2.Personal Loans

The perks :-
Secured Assets – You do not lose assets, because the loan does not require a collateral backing them

The downfalls :-
Harder to get – Unsecured loans might be harder to get from the lender. You need to have a good credit rating, and if you do not have one, you might be considered risk worthy.
High Interest Rates – The interest rates may be higher.
Receiving the loan of Lesser value – Also you might not get the desired amount depending upon your credit scores. Hope we have helped you to get a better understanding of loans that exist.

Be smart and take smarter decisions!
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How to handle finances right after marriage?

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Youngsters before marriage find themselves perplexed when finances are being spoken of.

There is an absence of savings or a very much required emergency fund. Since their money management habits are haywire,it becomes essential that they get improved and systematic after marriage.

If the financial loopholes are not taken care of , then these become one of the biggest obstacles for both the individuals.

We would want to talk about some simple yet essential measures that can help you out during this phase of your life, Hence,we have jotted down some significant points of financial management after marriage. Have a look. Some ways to handle finances after marriage:-

  • 1. Plan for the uncertainties: – Even if you are stable in your careers and have a good salary, you both need to have a structured financial element in mind. Emergency won’t knock the door and come. Couples today are not really equipped to combat these emergencies, and are under constant stress. Unexpected illnesses, accidents, layoffs can cause a great deal of pain, and hence it is advisable to save a share of your salary over a period of time. This certainty helps to deal with the uncertainty in a much better way.
  • 2. Smart Spending and Smarter Investing : When you are married, you both need to be accountable for what you spend and invest. Spending is inevitable, as it is the simplest answer to both necessities and wants. You cannot blame the other person for the spending. The bottomline is both of you spend, but on different things, and hence there is a need to set a budget.It is required that both of you get on the same page, and focus clearly on the lines of investment. Be it Investing for next year or for retirement , investment planning is the need of the hour. There are many ways of investment for long and short run both. Seeking professional advise also helps.
  • 3. Set achievable financial goals: Having a foresight helps. Deviate from your monotonous life for once, and give considerable thoughts to life after 5 , 10 or 20 years. Anybody can earn money. But judicious usage of money is an art to learn. You just don’t want to walk on a path, there has to be set destinations. You should chart out your career dreams, lifelong goals, financial expectations together and set time to achieve and fulfil them. Summarising the important and less important ones and then prioritising them is the right course of action.
  • 4. Combining or Not combining accounts: So while planning finances, the question of having a joint account or a separate one arises.

    Both the options are working models. Let’s talk about them in detail.

    a)Separate accounts: – When you keep money totally separate, everything(rent, mortgages, necessities etc) has to be split . Also you need to evaluate what you spend, be careful of not spending too extravagantly, as the entire monetary responsibility shifts its weight towards your partner. Also, you need to plan to spend from each account to gain the tax benefits on Home loans, EMI, Investment Proof etc.

    b)Joint Account – In this case, you would put money in a single basket, and use it to pay off and spend. However this requires financial coordination and a mutual agreement on expenditures. You need to get to the common grounds of spending, because if there is a lot of deviation in spending patterns, then there is a lot of room for monetary imbalance and arguments.
  • 5. Checking Financial history – It is important for you to discuss financial history with your spouse and vice versa. Being aware of the financial history, such as the use and number of credit cards, credit scores, way of spending paints a clearer financial picture. So in case one of you has a poor credit score, then having a joint account becomes is not a smooth decision to make. So decision making is highly influenced by financial arrangement of both individuals.

    Managing Debts and Saving: It is good to combine accounts when the debts are cleared off in single or both accounts.

    Saving after the wedding is definitely a good idea, but saving before is essential too. We suggest you to open up a savings account before marriage for setting money goals beforehand and having a vision of future expenses. Both the individuals should invest a portion of their combined income after marriage, and let the account grow. I hope we have helped you in making better decisions. Happy Wedding !
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Default on loan can severely affect your credit score!

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Authored article by Akshay Mehrotra, Co-Founder & CEO, EarlySalary.com

Default on a loan can severely affect your credit history and may dramatically reduce your chance of getting any credit.

Sometimes when we are young we choose not paying credit card for various reasons. Sometimes we just don’t have the money, sometime, the utility of the benefit accrued from the loan is long gone and other priorities calls for money ahead of repayment or Sometimes, we are just outright lazy and keep doing late payments while knowing the consequences.

The fact is if once a delinquent, always a delinquent customer, Banks and other financial Institutions treat you with caution. It is necessary to understand how Financial Institutions look at your repayment track record and what are these credit bureaus. In 2005, CICRA (Credit Information Companies (Regulations) Act) came which paved way for specialized institutions for monitoring and recording all loans taken from Banks and other Financial Institutions. These companies (known as CICs) collect, process and present information about each borrower and assign a credit score. Today, there are four CICs in India, CIBIL, Equifax, Experian and CRIF High Mark. Hence, A credit history of every customer submitted to all four bureaus, which allows Financial Institutions to dive into and judge whether a customer applying is worthy to give loan or not.

Credit information by definition could means any information relating to :—

  • The amounts and the nature of loans, amounts outstanding by a credit institution to any borrower;
  • The nature of security provided by borrower;
  • The guarantee furnished;

Does giving guarantee for someone else’s Loan also impact Scores? – The answer in short is yes. The financial institutions send the guarantor details to CICs, in addition to a person taking loans. Hence it is important to understand that the role of a guarantor is crucial. If the borrower defaults, then you as the guarantor will suffer too as you too will be in the “defaulter” basket. Thus, Think hard before becoming a guarantor.

Not performing on loans and credit products severely impacts your credit score; a credit score basically is a system that enables a credit institution to assess the creditworthiness and capacity of a borrower to repay his/her loan and advance. While it is subjective and depends on Institutions’ internal policies, but according to my understanding a late payment on a credit card will severely impact one’s chance of getting a personal or Home loan.

Hence, taking a loan from one bank and thinking no other bank will know the credit history, is a fool’s paradise. If you are not repaying your credit, the information will be accessed by the financial institution who can lend to you and it will affect their decision.

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How to come out of debt trap ?

Debt Erased Acknowledging that you are over leveraged is one of most important steps to get debt free. If you understand your finances, you will learn to manage them better. We have all gone through phases in life when we release that we are spending more than what we are earning and its important we understand this and take steps to manage things better. Understand your debt: I have learned to split my debt into 4 parts
    1. Revolver: high cost debt usually linked to credit card spends or cash loans where interest loans are too high and not paying on time results in multiplier effect on outstanding.
    2. Live life debt: EMI loans linked to buying products or holidays. This type of debt is usually not visible as it gets camouflaged under subvention or supplier funding.
    3. Asset class debt: long term loans of cars and homes.
    4. Liquid class debt: using asset class products to take a loan like Gold loan, loan against property.
Some board thumb rules:
  • your loan amount should never be more than 8X your annual salary.
  • Revolver loans should never be more than 50% your monthly salary.
  • Total EMI should not be more than 50% of salary

Quick solutions to reduce debt burden:
  • 1. Balance transfer: Banks offer to people with large outstanding the option of balance transfer from one credit card to another. You can opt for a fixed duration balance transfer(3-12months repayment), in such transfers interest rates are usually 9 – 15% depending on your bank. Some banks also offer a ‘Lifetime duration’ option to make the repayment, though interest rates can be much higher (12-24%). Please note banks also levy process fee, which usually is 2% of the outstanding amount. After the bank verified your details, they will send you the cheque on the demand draft in favour of your existing credit card that you can use to repay.
  • 2. Converting outstanding balance to a EMI: usually if the net outstanding across credit cards is too high I will suggest you can take a small personal loan and repay your credit cards. Please note credit card debt comes at above 2% interest per month (36% – 46% per annum) and also attaches service charge while a simple personal loan will cost between 12-16% per annum.
  • 3. Negotiating lower interest rates with existing bank/institution or look at loan transfer: most institution allow some amount of negotiation usually linked to a bullet payment.
  • 4. Salary cover to paying credit card outstanding : usually credit card outstanding can be managed by paying over two salary cycles and managing funds better. Pay day or bridge salary loans like EarlySalary can be very usual in such stages.
  • 5. Loan against FD’s or Gold Loan: loan against asset comes at much lower interest usually loan against FDs come at 2-4% while Gold loans come b/w 4-8% per annum and thus are very good way to reduce debt burden.

Simple life rule to manage finances be save 30% of salary and don’t leave more than 25% in EMIs.
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Factors Impacting Your CIBIL Score

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         Nothing is worse than having a bad credit score, as it can tarnish your social image. How do I improve my credit score, what are the factors which hit your CIBIL score hard and what should we do to avoid them, are some of the common difficulties, most of the people go through but they lack awareness or ignore it. This ignorance is the cause of the diminishing CIBIL score.    Many people are stuck with a bad credit score due to their poor credit behavior of the borrowers or the lender’s mistakes. Having a good CIBIL score can help you get loans easily. Below highlighted are some common mistakes which should not be ignored. (more…)